At Josh and Mak International, we are committed to providing detailed legal guidance on regulatory and technical standards for various industries. This article offers a comprehensive overview of the technical standards for the Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) industry as stipulated in Appendix-I of the LPG Rules, 2001. These standards ensure the safe storage, handling, transportation, and usage of LPG, thereby ensuring compliance with international best practices and safety protocols.

Technical Standards for LPG Industry

Storage and Cylinder Filling Plants

  1. Health and Safety Executive 34:
    • This standard outlines the safe storage of LPG at fixed installations, providing guidelines to prevent accidents and ensure safety.
  2. LPGITA Code of Practice 12:
    • Prepared by the Liquefied Petroleum Gas Industry Technical Association, UK, this code offers recommendations for the safe filling of LPG cylinders at depots.
  3. NFPA 58 (1998 and 2014 Editions):
    • The Standard for the Storage and Handling of LPG by the National Fire Protection Association. This standard covers all aspects of LPG storage and handling, providing a framework for safety and efficiency.
  4. DOT Special Permit (as per NFPA-58, 2014 Edition):
    • This permit, along with ISO 11119-3:2013 Part 3 and EN 14427:2014, outlines the relevant manufacturing standards for LPG composite cylinders, ensuring they meet stringent safety and performance criteria.
  5. LPGITA Code of Practice 14:
    • This code addresses the hoses used for the transfer of LPG in bulk installations, covering inspection, testing, and maintenance.
  6. Guidance Note CS-4:
    • Issued by the Health and Safety Executive, UK, this note pertains to the safe keeping of LPG in cylinders and similar containers.
  7. US Government Code of Federal Regulations (Title 49 – Transportation, Part 178 to 199):
    • This code includes DOT specifications 4B, 4BA, and 4BW relating to welded steel cylinders, ensuring they meet federal safety standards.
  8. LPGITA Code of Practice 15:
    • This code details the specifications for valves used in LPG cylinders, covering both safety valves and quick coupling type outlet valves for butane cylinders.
  9. BS 3016:1989:
    • British Standards for pressure regulators and automatic changeover devices for LPG, ensuring they meet safety and performance requirements.
  10. BS 4089:1989:
    • Standards for hoses and hose assemblies used in LPG applications, ensuring durability and safety.
  11. BS 3212:1975:
    • Standards for flexible rubber tubing and hose, including safety recommendations for use in LPG vapor phase and LPG/air installations.
  12. BS 5430: Part 2, 1990:
    • Standards for the periodic inspection, testing, and maintenance of transportable gas containers, excluding dissolved acetylene containers.

Distribution and Retail Outlets

  1. LPGITA Code of Practice 2:
    • This code provides guidelines for the safe handling and transport of LPG in bulk by road, ensuring safety during distribution.

Transportation and Distribution Network

  1. LPGITA Code of Practice 14:
    • This code covers hoses used for the transfer of LPG in bulk installations, including installation, inspection, testing, and maintenance procedures.

LPG Users

  1. BS 5482: Part 1: 1979:
    • This code of practice outlines the requirements for domestic butane and propane gas-burning installations, ensuring safe usage in households.
  2. US Government Code of Federal Regulations (Title 49 – Transportation, Part 178 to 199):
    • DOT specifications for welded steel cylinders, ensuring compliance with federal safety standards.
  3. DOT Special Permit (as per NFPA-58, 2014 Edition):
    • Standards for LPG composite cylinders, ensuring they meet stringent safety and performance criteria.

LPG Import Terminal

  1. NFPA 58 (1998 Edition):
    • Standard for the storage and handling of LPG, ensuring safety and efficiency in import terminal operations.

LPG Specifications

  1. GPA Standard 2140-90:
    • This standard outlines the specifications and test methods for LPG, ensuring product quality and safety.

LPG Conversion Kits

  1. Under Process for Notification:
    • Specifications for LPG conversion kits, which are currently under process for notification.

LPG Dispensers

  1. prEN 14678:
    • Standard for LPG equipment and accessories, focusing on the construction and performance of LPG dispensers for automotive filling stations.

Legal and Operational Implications

Compliance: Adhering to these technical standards is essential for ensuring safety, efficiency, and regulatory compliance in the LPG industry. Non-compliance can lead to severe legal and financial consequences, including fines and operational shutdowns.

Safety and Risk Management: These standards are designed to mitigate risks associated with LPG storage, handling, transportation, and usage. By following these guidelines, companies can significantly reduce the likelihood of accidents and enhance overall safety.

International Standards: Compliance with internationally recognized standards ensures that LPG operations in Pakistan align with global best practices, facilitating international trade and cooperation.

Regulatory Oversight: Ensuring adherence to these standards helps meet the requirements set by regulatory bodies such as OGRA and other relevant authorities. This oversight is crucial for maintaining high safety and operational standards within the industry.


The technical standards for the LPG industry, as outlined in Appendix-I of the LPG Rules, 2001, provide a comprehensive framework for ensuring safety, efficiency, and regulatory compliance. At Josh and Mak International, we are committed to assisting our clients in navigating these complex standards, ensuring that their operations adhere to the highest safety and operational criteria. For detailed advice and support on LPG projects, please contact our expert team.

By The Josh and Mak Team

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