Salient Features of Labour Laws in Pakistan-III
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Collective Labour Disputes
Commencement of a dispute
Under the IRO 2002, if an employer or a Collective Bargaining Agent finds that an industrial dispute has arisen or is likely to arise, they may communicate their views in writing to the other party. Upon receipt of the communication, the other party has fifteen days (or more if agreed) to try and settle the dispute by bilateral negotiations.
If the parties do not manage to reach a settlement, the employer or the CBA may, within fifteen further days, serve a notice of conciliation on the other party, with a copy to the Conciliator and to the Labour Court .
If the dispute is settled before the Conciliator, or a tripartite Board of Conciliators, a report is sent to the Provincial or Federal Government, with the memorandum of settlement.
If the conciliation fails, the Conciliator tries to persuade the parties to refer their dispute to an arbitrator. If they agree, the parties make a join request in writing to the arbitrator they have agreed upon.
The arbitrator gives his or her award within a period of 30 days or a period agreed upon by the parties. The award of the arbitrator is final and valid for a period not exceeding two years.
A copy of the award is sent to the provincial or Federal Government, for publication in the official Gazette.