The NEPRA (Tariff Standards and Procedure) Rules, 1998, are crucial regulations governing the determination, modification, and enforcement of tariffs in the electric power sector of Pakistan. These rules, issued under the Regulation of Generation, Transmission, and Distribution of Electric Power Act, 1997, provide the framework for how tariffs are established and managed. Over time, these rules have undergone amendments to address emerging needs and challenges in the sector.

Scope and Applicability

The NEPRA Tariff Standards and Procedure Rules, 1998, apply to all licensees involved in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electric power in Pakistan. These rules ensure that the process of tariff determination is transparent, fair, and reflective of the true cost of service provision. The amendments incorporated up to December 2021 have refined these rules to enhance their effectiveness and responsiveness to the sector’s dynamics.

Key Provisions of the NEPRA Tariff Standards and Procedure Rules, 1998

  1. Definitions and General Provisions (Part I): The rules begin with clear definitions of key terms such as “Act,” “Authority,” “petition,” and “tariff,” among others. These definitions ensure clarity and consistency in the application of the rules.
  2. Procedure for Filing Petitions (Rule 3): The rules outline the detailed procedure for filing petitions regarding tariff determinations. This includes the information required in the petition, the format, and the number of copies to be submitted. The Registrar examines the petitions to ensure compliance with the rules before they are admitted for hearing.
  3. Admission and Hearing of Petitions (Rule 4 and 9): Once a petition is filed, it must be placed before the Authority for admission within fourteen days. The Authority then decides whether a hearing is necessary and may issue directions for notices to be served to affected parties. Hearings are conducted to ensure a comprehensive examination of the issues raised in the petitions.
  4. Intervention by Interested Parties (Rule 6): Interested parties who wish to participate in the proceedings can file an intervention request. The amendments made in 2011 and 2014 refined the procedure for filing intervention requests, specifying the necessary information and timelines.
  5. Standards for Tariff Determination (Part III): The rules set out detailed standards and guidelines for determining tariffs. These standards ensure that tariffs reflect the true cost of service, promote efficiency, and provide for a reasonable return on investment. The tariffs should also consider the financial stability of the sector and the interests of different consumer classes.
  6. Publication and Service of Notices (Rule 5): The rules mandate the publication of notices regarding petitions and decisions to ensure transparency and public participation. Notices must be served through various means, including registered post and publication in national newspapers.
  7. Confidentiality and Inspection (Rule 25): The rules provide for maintaining confidentiality of sensitive information while allowing public inspection of non-confidential records. This balance ensures transparency while protecting commercially sensitive information.

Amendments to the NEPRA Tariff Standards and Procedure Rules

Several amendments have been made to the NEPRA Tariff Standards and Procedure Rules to address evolving needs and challenges. Key amendments include:

  1. S.R.O. 267(I)/2011 (March 21, 2011): This amendment introduced changes to various procedural aspects, such as extending the time for filing replies and intervention requests. It also refined the requirements for the contents of petitions and intervention requests.
  2. S.R.O. 732(I)/2014 (August 1, 2014): This amendment made significant changes to Rule 27, increasing the penalties for contraventions from three hundred thousand rupees to one hundred million rupees and adjusting other procedural timelines to enhance compliance and enforcement.
  3. Additional Refinements: Over the years, other minor amendments have been introduced to further streamline the procedures, improve the clarity of the rules, and ensure that the regulatory framework remains robust and responsive.


The NEPRA (Tariff Standards and Procedure) Rules, 1998, along with their amendments, form a comprehensive regulatory framework for the determination and management of tariffs in Pakistan’s electric power sector. These rules ensure that tariff processes are fair, transparent, and reflective of the sector’s true costs and operational realities. For detailed guidance and assistance on compliance with these rules, stakeholders are encouraged to consult with legal experts at Josh and Mak International.

By The Josh and Mak Team

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