The Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA) of Pakistan, under the auspices of the OGRA Ordinance, 2002, formulated the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Rules in 2007. These rules, codified under S.R.O. 458(I)/2007, provide a comprehensive regulatory framework for the entire LNG supply chain, encompassing production, processing, storage, transportation, and distribution. This article delves into the intricacies of these rules, their implementation, and the implications for stakeholders in the LNG sector.

Key Provisions of the LNG Rules 2007

1. Short Title and Commencement: The rules are formally known as the Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (Liquefied Natural Gas) Rules, 2007, and came into force immediately upon their notification.

2. Definitions: The rules provide detailed definitions crucial for understanding the regulatory framework, including terms like “LNG”, “LNG Production”, “LNG Terminal”, “Licence”, “RLNG”, and “Regulated Activity”. These definitions ensure clarity and precision in regulatory language.

3. Licensing of Regulated Activities: A significant portion of the rules is dedicated to the licensing process. It mandates that any entity wishing to engage in LNG-related activities must obtain a licence from OGRA. The rules stipulate:

  • Application Process: Entities must submit detailed applications, including corporate documentation, financial statements, technical expertise, and project implementation plans.
  • Evaluation: OGRA evaluates applications based on technical, financial, and administrative capabilities, conformity with LNG policy, and the viability of LNG supply sources.

4. Licence Conditions: Licences are granted with specific terms and conditions to ensure compliance with legal and technical standards. These conditions include:

  • Compliance: Adherence to all relevant laws and regulations.
  • Safety and Environmental Standards: Compliance with safety codes and environmental protection laws.
  • Operational Obligations: Maintenance of facilities, non-discriminatory access to infrastructure, and insurance requirements.

5. Revocation and Modification of Licences: OGRA retains the authority to revoke or modify licences if public interest demands it or if the licensee fails to comply with the terms of the licence. Revocation can occur due to reasons such as failure to achieve financial closing, prolonged contravention of rules, or inability to undertake regulated activities.

6. Provisional Licences: For facilitating LNG imports, OGRA may grant provisional licences to companies for up to twelve months, allowing them to complete formalities required for obtaining a full licence.

7. Fees and Penalties: The rules outline the fee structure for applications, licence renewals, and extensions. They also specify penalties for non-compliance, ensuring a mechanism to enforce regulatory adherence.

8. Appeals and Dispute Resolution: The rules provide for appeals against decisions made by OGRA or its delegates, ensuring a mechanism for dispute resolution and transparency in regulatory processes.

Critical Analysis of the LNG Rules 2007

The LNG Rules 2007 are a robust framework designed to regulate the growing LNG sector in Pakistan. They reflect international best practices and aim to ensure safety, environmental protection, and operational efficiency. However, there are areas where the rules could be improved:

1. Detailed Technical Standards: While the rules emphasize compliance with safety and environmental standards, they could benefit from more detailed technical specifications for LNG infrastructure and operations, similar to those seen in advanced LNG markets.

2. Public Consultation and Transparency: The rules could enhance stakeholder engagement by mandating public consultations during the licence application and evaluation phases. This would ensure that the interests of local communities and other stakeholders are considered.

3. Streamlined Processes: The licensing process, though comprehensive, could be streamlined further to reduce bureaucratic delays. Implementing a digital platform for application submissions and tracking could enhance efficiency.

4. Provisions for Innovation: The LNG sector is rapidly evolving with technological advancements. The rules should incorporate provisions for periodic reviews and updates to accommodate new technologies and methodologies in LNG production and distribution.

5. Enhanced Penalty Provisions: While penalties for non-compliance are outlined, there could be a more graded penalty system based on the severity and frequency of violations to ensure proportional enforcement.


The LNG Rules 2007 by OGRA establish a solid regulatory foundation for the LNG industry in Pakistan, promoting safety, efficiency, and compliance with international standards. They are crucial for ensuring the orderly development of the LNG sector, attracting investment, and enhancing energy security. However, continuous improvement and adaptation to emerging trends and technologies are essential to maintain their relevance and effectiveness in the dynamic energy landscape.

For more detailed guidance and assistance regarding the LNG Rules 2007, stakeholders are encouraged to consult with legal experts at Josh and Mak International, who are well-versed in Pakistan’s energy regulatory framework.

By The Josh and Mak Team

Josh and Mak International is a distinguished law firm with a rich legacy that sets us apart in the legal profession. With years of experience and expertise, we have earned a reputation as a trusted and reputable name in the field. Our firm is built on the pillars of professionalism, integrity, and an unwavering commitment to providing excellent legal services. We have a profound understanding of the law and its complexities, enabling us to deliver tailored legal solutions to meet the unique needs of each client. As a virtual law firm, we offer affordable, high-quality legal advice delivered with the same dedication and work ethic as traditional firms. Choose Josh and Mak International as your legal partner and gain an unfair strategic advantage over your competitors.

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