As we get many legal queries regarding such terms as those listed and explained below, especially from our foreign clients having to deal with the local estate law of Pakistan, we have prepared a humble and non-exhaustive list with explanations about these terms.We truly hope this can help our clients.
For a list of English terms and their meanings you can click here
For more information about a possible legal query/matter on these terms , we welcome prospective clients to email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
|Abadi deh||…||Inhabited site of village.|
|Abi||…||Watered by lift from tanks, pools, marshes, or streams.|
|Abiana||…||An assessment levied in addition to the assessment at unirrigated rates on account of the advantage derived from irrigation|
|Adhlapi||…||A man who by sinking a well in another man’s land acquires ownership in half of the land attached to the well|
|Adna malik||…||Inferior owner.|
|Ahtrafi||…||A cess paid by artisance to the village proprietors.|
|Ala lambardar||…||Chief lambardar (Headman).|
|Ala malik.||…||Superior owner.|
|Amin||…||Surveyor employed for making village maps.|
|Ang||…||Cess on cattle levied by proprietors on other residents in village for grazing in village waste.|
|Anwanda||…||Clearing tenant in Dera Ghazi Khan (See note, page 107 of Settlement manual).|
|Asami||…||Tenant (in old settlement literature the term is sometimes confined to a resident tenant).|
|Bachh||…||Distribution of revenue over holdings.|
|Bajra||…||A kind of millet (Pennisetum typhodeum).|
|Bakhra||…||Share (in Pathan tracts).|
|Banda||…||Hamlet (in Pathan tracts).|
|Bania||…||Village’s shopkeeper, money-lender.|
|Banjar kadim||…||New fallow (for all explanation see paragraph 267).|
|Banjar kadim||…||Old fallow (for full explanation see paragraph 267).|
|Barani||…||Dependent on rainfall.|
|Batai||…||Rent taken by division of crop.|
|Batta||…||A form of village tenure (see paragraph 139).|
|Bhaichara||…||Sub-number (paragraph 271).|
|Bhoang||…||Due paid harvest by harvest to a godkesh tenant (note on page 107).|
|Bhunga||…||Cess on cattle levied by proprietors on other residents in a village for grazing in village waste.|
|Bigha||…||A measure of area. In the Western Punjab the bigha is half a ghumao, in the east the shahjahani bigha is five-eighths of an acre and the zamindari or kacha bigha five-twenty fourths of an acre. The actual bigha used by the Zamindari does not always correspond with the kacha bigha used in settlement surveys (see paragraph 243).|
|Bisa||…||One-twentieth of a bigha (q. v).|
|Biswi||…||A fee paid in recognition of property right.|
|Biswansi||…||One-twentieth of a bigha (q.v).|
|Burji||…||A survey pillar.|
|Butemar||…||A tenant who has acquired permanent rights in the land by clearing it of jangal.|
|Chaharam||…||A grant of one-fourth of the ruler’s share of the produce to an individual or family of influence.|
|Chahi||…||Irrigated from a well.|
|Chahi khalis||…||Irrigated only from a well as distinguished from chahi-narhi (q.v) or chahi-sailab.|
|Chahi-nahri||…||Irrigated partly from a well and partly from canal.|
|Chak||…||Assessment circle, a block of land.|
|Chakbat||…||Applied to a patti or sub-division of an estate which has all its land lying in one block (see Khetbat).|
|Chakdar||…||Inferior owner (in South-West Punjab). For full explanation, (see paragraph 168).|
|Chakota||…||Lump grain rent or rent consisting of a fixed amount of grain in the rabi, and a fixed amount of cash in the kharif harvest (see paragraph 312).|
|Chapparband||…||A term for a resident (see tenant paragraph 196) entitled to permanent occupation at a fixed rate of rent (see paragraph 197).|
|Chari||…||A kind of millet (q.v) grown for fodder (see jowar).|
|Chela||…||Supiritual son or pupil.|
|Chhar||…||A system of silt clearance under which the clearance is effected by the irrigators themselves (see paragraph 449).|
|Chundavand||…||A custom of inheritance under which several sons by one wife inherit the same share as a single son by another wife (see pagvand).|
|Daftri||…||Owner in pathan tracts (see paragraph 157).|
|Dakar||…||Stiff clay soil.|
|Darbar||…||Council or other governing body in a Native State.|
|Darkhwast Mal||…||Tender of engagement to pay the land revenue.|
|Dastur-ul-amal||…||Hand-book for the guidance of district revenue officers in carrying out of the provisions of the settlement.|
|Daul||…||Estimate of revenue payable by different estates (see paragraph 16).|
|Dharat||…||Weighment fee; levied on sales of produce within village (see paragraph 94).|
|Dhenkli||…||A hand-lever well.|
|Doab||…||Country lying between two rivers.|
|Dohli||…||Death-bed gift of a small plot of land to a Brahman.|
|Ekfasli||…||Yielding one crop in each agricultural year.|
|Fard Ranngazi.||…||List of fields for colouring purposes.|
|Ghumao||…||A measure of area (see paragraph 243).|
|Girdawar||…||Kanungo or supervisor of patwaris (Paragraph 292-A).|
|Godkesh||…||Tenant in Multan who has acquired a permanent title by breaking up waste (note on page 107).|
|Gora||…||Land close to a village site which is often heavily manured.|
|Got||…||Sub-division of a tribe.|
|Guru||…||Spiritual father or guide.|
|Hakimi hissa||…||The ruler’s share of the produce.|
|Hakk buha||…||Dorr tax; a cess levied by proprietors from other residents in a village (see paragraph 94).|
|Hakkdar||…||A tenant entitled to permanent occupation at a fixed rate of rent (see paragraph 197).|
|Hamsayas||…||Dependents occupying outlying hamlets of a pathan estate on condition of assisting in repelling raids on the lands of the proprietors (see paragraph 159).|
|Hari||…||Applied to land cropped only in the rabi harvest.|
|Hathrakhaidar||…||A man who agreed to become responsible for payment of the revenue on condition of receiving the proprietor’s share of the produce; has less a fee paid in recognition of the owner’s proprietary title (see paragraph 172).|
|Ikrarnama||…||Village administration paper, same as wajib-ul-arz.|
|Iliaqawar||…||Relating to an ilaka or tract.|
|Inam||…||A cash allowance paid to secure the services of a man of influence.|
|Inamdar||…||The holder of an inam (q.v)|
|Ismi||…||A proprietary fee.|
|Jadid||…||See banjar jaded. Also a class of tenant ( see paragraph 196).|
|Jagir||…||An assignmen of land revenue.|
|Jagirdar||…||Holder of an assignment of land-revenue.|
|Jama||…||Land revenue demand.|
|Jamabandi||…||Register of holdings of owners and tenants showing land held by each and amounts payable as rent, land revenue, and cesses.|
|Jamai||…||A class of tenant (see paragraph 196).|
|Jangal||…||Uncultivated land covered with brushwood and small trees.|
|Jhalar||…||A Persian-wheel by which water is raised from a stream or canal.|
|Jahalari||…||Irrigated by jhalar (q.v).|
|Jhil||…||A sheet of water.|
|Jhuri||…||Fee paid to proprietor when entering on possession of land (see paragraph 168).|
|Jinswar||…||Relating to crops, also the crop statement for any particular harvest.|
|Jowar||…||A kind of millet (Sorghum Vulgare).|
|Kacha||…||Incomplete or imperfect, applied to village measures of area and weights as distinguished from those recognised by Government; not lined with masonry (of a well).|
|Kacha asami||…||Term used for a tenant-at-will (see paragraph 197).|
|Kacha bigha||…||See bigha.|
|Kacha malba||…||The system under which the amount actually expended on the common pruposes fo a village is distributed periodically over the proprietors. To be distinguished from pakka malba (q.v).|
|Kadam||…||A pace (see paragraph 243).|
|Kadim||…||See banjar kadim also a class of tenant (see paragraph 197).|
|Kadimi||…||A class of tennat (see paragraph 198).|
|Kalar||…||Barren land, also applied to reh efflorescence, and in the east of the Punjab to sour clay rice (Land kalar dahr).|
|Kamlana||…||Cess paid by artisans to the proprietors of the village in which they ply their trade (see paragraph 94).|
|Kan||…||Appraisement of crops, realization of landlord’s share of produce in cash after appraising its amount and value.|
|Kanal||…||A measure or area (see paragraph 243).|
|Kania||…||A man who appraises crops.|
|Kankut||…||Same as kan (q.v).|
|Kanungo||…||Supervisor of patwaris.|
|Karam||…||Unit of length.|
|Kardar||…||Title of official in Indian State.|
|Karguzari||…||Outturn of work.|
|Karukan||…||Length and breadth.|
|Kasur||…||Fee paid in recognition of proprietary title (see paragraph 170).|
|Khadir||…||Lowlying land near river.|
|Khalsa||…||The Sikh commonwealth. Revenue credited to Government as contrasted with jagir (q.v.) revenues.|
|Khamtahsil||…||Direct management of estate by Government.|
|Kharaba||…||Portion of crop which has failed to come to maturity.|
|Kharach||…||Cess realized by landlord in addition to rent (see paragraph 339).|
|Khasanve||…||Same as vesh (q.v).|
|Khasra||…||List of folds, field register.|
|Khasra girdawari.||…||Harvest inspection register.|
|Khata||…||Holding of a tenant.|
|Khatauni||…||A list of holdings of tenants. Holding slips prepared at re-measurement (see Appendix VII).|
|Khetbat||…||Applied to a patti or sub-division of an estate; all the land of which does not lie in a single block (see chakbat).|
|Khewat||…||A list of owners’ holdings.|
|Khewat-khatauni.||…||A combined khewat and khatauni corresponding to the present jamabandi (see Paragraph 274).|
|Khudkasht||…||Cultivated by the owner himself.|
|Khula vesh||…||Fresh calculation of shares at time of vesh (q.v.) (See paragraph 158).|
|Khush-haisiyati||…||Owner’s rate, water, or canal-advantage rate.|
|Killabandi||…||(See Appendix XIV).|
|Kudhi-Lamini||…||A cess on hearths realized by proprietors from other residents in a village (see paragraph 94).|
|Kuhmar||…||A tenant in Dera Gazi Khan who has earned a permanent title by sinking a well (see paragraph 211).|
|Lakhiraj||…||Exempt from assessment.|
|Latha girdawari.||…||Cloth copy of the patwari’s map (Paragraph 292 and Appendix XXI).|
|Lathband||…||A tenant who acquires rights in land by embanking fields (see Paragraph 211).|
|Lathmar||…||Same as lathband (q.v).|
|Lichh||…||Fee paid in recognition of proprietary title (see Paragraph 169).|
|Lungi||…||Fee paid to proprietor when enterin on possession of land (see paragraph 168).|
|Mafidar||…||The holder of an assignment of land revenue.|
|Mahsul||…||Share of produce due to sate, now share of produce taken by person who pays the revenue in money (see paragraph 170).|
|Mahsulkhor||…||A kind of land revenue farmer (see paragraph 172).|
|Malatar||…||Same as hamsaya (q.v).|
|Malba||…||Fund out of which common village expenses are defrayed.|
|Malguzar||…||Person responsible for payment of land revenue.|
|Malguzari||…||Relating to assessment assessable.|
|Malik||…||Owner in Western Punjab; malik means a leading man in a section of a tribe.|
|Malik adna||…||Inferior proprietor.|
|Malik ala||…||Superior proprietor.|
|Malikana||…||Fee paid in recogniting of proprietary title.|
|Malik Kabza||…||A man who owners the land actually in his possession; but has no share in the common property of the village community (see paragraph 142).|
|Marla||…||A measure of area (see paragraph 243).|
|Masri||…||A small pulse.|
|Matyat||…||A word used in United provinces fro a clay soil. Occupancy tenant.|
|Mauzawar||…||By villages (paragraph 512).|
|Milan khasra||…||An area statement abstracted from the khasra (q.v) annual area statement.|
|Milan rakba||…||Annual area statement.|
|Milkiyat adna||…||Inferior ownership.|
|Milkiyat ala||…||Superior ownership.|
|Milkiyat makbuz||…||Tenure of a malik kabza (q.v).|
|Minhai||…||Excluded from the assessable area.|
|Minjumla||…||Part out of a whole (Instruction 3, Appendix VIII).|
|Mirasi||…||A class of Landholder (See paragraph 196).|
|Mirasidar||…||A class of landholder (see Paragraph 196).|
|Misl haqiyat||…||Record-of- rights.|
|Moth||…||A small pulse (phareoolus trilobus).|
|Muhtarafa||…||Same as ahtrafi (q.v).|
|Mukaddim||…||Superior proprietor (see paragraph 167), also a leading man or headman in a village community (see paragraph 115).|
|Makaddmi||…||Fee paid to superior proprietor in recognition of proprietary title|
|Mukarraridar||…||A kind of occupancy tenant|
|Mundhimar||…||A man who acquires occupancy right in land by clearing it of jangal .|
|Munshi||…||An Indian clerk.|
|Muntakhib assamiwar||…||Statement of owners and tenants, holding with detail of fields and rent, etc.|
|Mushakhsadar||…||A farmer of the land revenue (See paragraph 172).|
|Nagha||…||Commutation paid for failure to perform ehher (q.v) labour.|
|Nahri||…||Irrigated from a canal.|
|Nahri-parts||…||Assessment rate over and above the assessment rate or unirrigated land applied to nahri land in calculating the fixed assessment which it shall pay (see paragraph 446).|
|Naib-tehsildar||…||The deputy or assistant of he Tehsildar (q.v.).|
|Naksha alamat||…||List of conventional signs.|
|Naksha-intikal||…||Statement of land transfers.|
|Naksha-lakhiraj||…||Statement of land revenue assignments.|
|Naksha-thakbast||…||Village boundary map (see paragraphs 248 and 270).|
|Nala||…||Drain or watercourse.|
|Nautor||…||Land brought under cultivation for the first time.|
|Nazim||…||Governor of large tract in an Indian State.|
|Nazrana||…||An abatement from the revenue to an estate, etc., retained by government in making a land revenue assignment to an individual.|
|Nazul||…||Land, etc. which has become the property of government by escheat or failure of heirs.|
|Pachotra||…||A surcharge of 5 per cent on the revenue paid to village headmen.|
|Pag||…||Fee paid to proprietor on entering on possession of land and (see paragraph 168).|
|Pagvand||…||A custom of inheritance under which sons by different wives inherit equal shares in land (see chundavand) the property being divided per capita.|
|Pahikasht||…||A tenant who does not live in the village in which he cultivates land .|
|Paipath||…||A fee paid, to a superior owner in a recognition of his proprietary title (see paragraph 169).|
|Pakka||…||Complete or perfect applied to measures of weight and area recognized by government as distinguished from those used in villages; lined with masonry (of a well).|
|Pakka malba||…||The system under which the amount to be collected for common village expenses in fixed at a definite percentage on the land revenue.|
|Pana||…||A sub-division of an estate (see paragraph 128).|
|Panahi||…||A tenant protected from ejectment for a term, of years (See paragraph 203).|
|Panapalat||…||A form of periodical distribution of a land in the Gurgaon District (see paragraph 158).|
|Parcha||…||An extract from a khatauni or Jamabandi, a copy of the entry in a khatauni regarding his holding given to a right-holder at measurement (see paragraph 2, Appendix VII).|
|Pargana||…||A group of estates forming a sub-division of a district or Tehsil.|
|Part Sirkar||…||Government copy of the new settlement record.|
|Part Tehsil||…||Tehsil copy of the settlement map (paragraph 292 and Appendix XXI).|
|Patta||…||Leather cover such as is used fro protecting account books by Indian shopkeepers (see Appendix VII) also deed of grant (see paragraph 152).|
|Patti||…||A sub-division of an estate (see paragraph 128); also a well holding (see paragraph 165).|
|Pattidar||…||A form of village tenure (see paragraphs 137 and 138).|
|Patwari||…||A village accountant or registrar.|
|Puchh-bakri||…||A cess on marriage levied by proprietors from other resides in a village (see paragraph 94).|
|Raiyatwari||…||A form of settlement in which the occupant of each holdings is under a separate engagement with Government, as distinguished from the village settlement in force in North-Western area.|
|Rassa-Buti||…||A form of tenure in riverain estates in Sialko (see note on page 72).|
|Rausli||…||A loam soil.|
|Riwaj-I-am||…||Record of customs followed by the chief tribes in a district in the matter of marriage, inheritance, etc. (see paragraphs 561—567).|
|Rohi||…||A stiffish soil containing a considerable amount of clay.|
|Rubakati-akhir||…||Brief abstract of settlement proceedings appended to settlement record (see paragraph 270).|
|Sad malguzars||…||Leading land-owners allowed to become responsible for revenue assessed on an estate|
|Sailab||…||Flooded or kept permanently moist by river.|
|Sailaba||…||Same as sailab (q.v.).|
|Sair||…||Miscellaneous income derived from an estate by its owners over and above the profits fo cultivation (see paragraph 356).|
|Sanad||…||A deed of grant.|
|Sarsahi||…||A measure of area (See paragraph 243).|
|Sarsari parts||…||An all-round rate on cultivation without discrimination of soils or classes of land.|
|Sawani||…||Cropped only in the autumn harvest.|
|Ser||…||A measure of weight, 1/40th of maund.|
|Seri||…||Grant of land made by pathan Chief to me who helped him with their swords or their prayers.|
|Sermani||…||A fee of one ser in the mauud of produce paid in recognition of proprietary title.|
|Shahjahani bigha||…||See bigha.|
|Shahnahri||…||Irrigated from a canal owned by the State.|
|Shajra kishtwar||…||Village common land.|
|Sihadda||…||Masonry pillar or platform erected at point where boundaries of three villages meet.|
|Silhdar||…||Same as chakdar (q.v.).|
|Sir jagir||…||Land owned by jagirdat in an estate of which the revenue is assigned to him.|
|Sir-o-pa||…||Fee paid to proprietor when entering on possession of land (see paragraph 168).|
|Siwai||…||Cesses also same as sair (q.v.).|
|Tafrik||…||Distribution of revenue over holdings.|
|Tahrij asamiwar||…||Abstract of khatauni showing tenants, holdings with their areas and rents; but without details of fields (see paragraph 270).|
|Tehsil||…||A sub-division of a district, charge of Tehsildar.|
|Tehsildar||…||Official in chief executive charge of a Tehsil.|
|Takavi||…||Loan granted by Government to a land-owner for agricultural purposes.|
|Talukdar||…||A superior proprietor (see paragraphs 103, 143 and 145).|
|Taraddadkar||…||A class of tenant in jhang (see paragraph 211).|
|Taraf||…||A sub-division of an estate.|
|Tarika paimaish||…||Note of method of suvey (Appendix XXI).|
|Tawani||…||A class of tenant in Kohat|
|Thana||…||Police Station or the jurisdiction of a police Station|
|Tahana patti||…||Marriage fee levied by proprietors of village from other residents|
|Thok||…||A sub-division of an estate (see paragraph 128).|
|Thula||…||A sub-division of an estate (see paragraph 128).|
|Vesh||…||Periodical redistribution of land among proprietors (see paragraph 158).|
|Wajib-ul-arz||…||Village administration paper (see paragraphs 295-296-A and Appendix VIII).|
|Waris||…||Landholder (see paragraphs 152, 175, 178 and 197-A).|
|Warisi||…||Right of the waris (q.v.).|
|Wirsana||…||Fee paid in recognition of proprietary title.|
|Zabti||…||Cash rents levied on account of certain crops.|
|Zail||…||A group of estates out of which some representative man is appointed zaildar.|
|Zaildar||…||A man of influence appointed to have charge of a zail.|
|Zamindari||…||A form of village tenure (see paragraph 136).|
|Zamindari bigha||…||See bigha.|
|Zari-I-Zagha||…||Fund formed out of commutation paid by persons who do not perform the chher (q.v.) labour for which they are responsible.|
Some more terms have been added below in Urdu with their English Meanings.
1. محال “Revenue Estate” means any area:-
(i). for which a separate record of rights has been made:
(ii). Which has been separately assessed to land revenue:
(iii). Which the Board of Revenue may, by general rule or special order, declare to be an estate.
2. گاؤں/ موضع Village
3. آبادی دیہہ/آبادی Inhabited site of a village.
4. لال لکیر Boundary line showing the limit of village Abadi in Musavi (field map). It is in black ink but known as “lal lakir”.
5. مساوی Map of the estate which is prepared on mapping sheet.
6. شجرہ کشتوار Field map of a revenue estate.
7. شجرہ پارچہ Field map of a Revenue Estate prepared on cloth for use of village Patwari.
8. تتمہ شجرہ Supplementary map, which prepared on mutation register and “Musavi do murabba wali” when a portion of Khasra No. change
9. من نمبر خسرہ Portion of a field (Khasra number)
10. سہ حدہ Tri-junction pillars erected at point where boundaries of three or more Revenue Estates meet.
11. بُرجی Between two Try-junction pillars a small survey pillars, erected at every angle on the boundary line.
12. ٹھاک بست To verify the State distance between Try-junction pillars to try-junction pillars Burji to burji and Burji to Try-junction pillers at the spot by “Jareeb” (chain) and on a field map by “paimana” (patwari scale)
13. کرہ کان یا کرم کان Length and breadth of a field.
14. لام پیٹ A method of calculating the area of irregular fields by average of length and breadth.
15. مسل حقیقت Record of Rights prepared as a result of settlement, consolidation and killa bandi operation.
16. مسل میعادی Periodical Record i.e. a revised edition of Record of Rights (مِسل حقیقت) prepared after every four years.
17. شجرہ نسب مالکان Genealogical tree of owners of land of a revenue estate. It has two parts A & B.
18. نمبر حد بست Serial number given to every Revenue Estate of a Tehsil by the Settlement Officer.
19. نمبر کھیوٹ/کھاتہ Serial number allotted to owners in Register Haqdaran Zamin.
20. نمبر کھتونی Serial number allotted to cultivator in Register Haqdaran Zamin.
21. کھتونی نہر A statement prepared by canal Patwaris in each harvest showing area cultivated, land revenue and water rate etc. to be recovered.
22. کھتونی چٹھہ یا کھتونی پیمائش Holding slips prepared in settlement or consolidation operations of an Estate before the preparation of Record of Rights. It also called Chitha Khatoni.
23. پرچہ کھتونی A memorandum (copy of holding slips) given to every owners and cultivators for verification and record.
24. کھتونی تحصیل A register maintained by Wasal Baqi Nawis in each Tehsil Office showing head-wise demand, recovery and balance of Government dues relating to each Lamberdar.
25. ادنٰی مالک Inferior owner, now after the implementation of Land Reforms, they became owners of the Land.
26. اعلٰی مالک Superior owners, now they have become extinct after Land Reform.
27. مالک قبضہ An owner of the land who have not rights in “Shamlat deh” (common land of revenue estate).
28. مشتری بخانہ کاشت A vendee whose name is shown in cultivation column of Register Haqdaran Zamin and not in owners’ column.
29. رہن Mortgage with possession.
30. آڑ رہن یا مکفول الرہن Mortgage without possession.
31. راہن Mortgager
32. مرتہن Mortgagee.
33. دخیلکار مورثی یا مستقل Occupancy tenants (due to implementation of Land Reforms, they have almost acquired the rights of ownership.
34. مزارعہ تابعمرضی Tenant-at-will (this terms is written for
غیردخیلکار۔ غیرمستقل۔ غیرموروثی
35. واجب العرض Village administration papers or statement of customs respecting rights and liabilities in the Estate. It is prepared in Settlement.
36. نقل شرط واجب العرض Copy of some conditions of village administration papers.
37. شاملات دیہہ Common Land of a Revenue Estate. There are generally three types of Shamlat given as under:-
(i). شاملات دیہہ حسب رسد زر کھیوٹ (A common land of revenue Estate, which will be distributed on the base of Land Revenue of owners who have a rights in (شاملات) Shamlat.
(ii). شاملات دیہہ حسب رسد کھیوٹ (A common land of a Revenue Estate, which will be distributed on the base of area of every owner who have a rights in Shamlat (شاملات)
(iii). شاملات دیہہ حسب حصص جدی (Common land which will be distributed on the base of the shares already given in Geneological Tree (شجرہ نسب) in column “Paimana Haqiat (پیمانہ حقیقت)”
38. پتی/طرف/ٹھُلہ Sub-division of Estate.
39. پرتہ Rate Of Land Revenue
40. باچھ Distribution of revenue over holding, or Every land owner
41. ڈھال باچھ Statement showing the names and amount of Govt. dues recoverable from the Land owners to be given to Lambardar (headman) for recovery in each harvest.
42. فرد باچھ/فرد تفریق باچھ/فرد ڈھال باچھ Statement showing land revenue and other cases realizable from each holding (کھیوٹ)
43. نزول لینڈ Land or building escheated to Government, due to failure of heirs.
44. طلبانہ Charge for serving summons.
45. دستک Notice of demand for payment of land revenue.
46. قرق تحصیل A coercive process u/s 85 of the Land Revenue Act, 1967 by which the land of a defaulter is attached on account of arrears of Land Revenue.
47. خام تحصیل Direct management of land of defaulter by Government after annulment of assessment under Section 86 of the Land Revenue Act, 1967.
48. فصل خریف (ساونی) Autumn harvest. According to rule 14 of the Tenancy Rules, it is sown during the period from 1st April to 31st May and its crop inspection (گرداوری) is done in October. Its main crops are 1. چاول، مکئی، کپاس، کماد، باجرہ
49. زائد خریف Extra autumn harvest and its crops inspection is done from 15th November to 30th November. Its main crops are آلو، توریا
50. فصل بیعہ (ہاڑی) Spring harvest. According to rule 14 of the Tenancy Rules, it is sown during the period from 15th September to 15th November and its crops inspection (گرداوری) is done in March. Its main crops are :-جو، گندم، تارامیرا (سرشف)، سرسوں(نخود)، چنے
51. زائد ربیعہ Extra spring harvest and its crops inspection is done from 15th April to 30th April. Its main crops are:- تھوم، تمباکو، تربوزہ، خربوزہ
52. کنکُوت یاکَن Appraisement of crops. To assess yield from standing crops.
53. پنجوترہ (فیس نمبرداری) Fee paid to Lambardar (Headman) out of The Govt. dues collected and deposited by him.
54. عرض ارسال A memorandum given by the patwari to Lambardar showing the head-wise amount of Government dues taken to Tehsil for depositing into treasury.
55. سیاہ Daily cash account of a Tehsil.
56. سیاہ نویس Clerk responsible for writing up Siah (سیاہ)
57. فرد رفتار Crops inspection program prepared by the patwari showing the dates on which he will carry out Girdawry of a particular village of his circle.
58. جنسوار Statement/return of crops for every particular harvest.
59. وتر (بدستور) Diagonal line in Register Girdawari, which shows no change in cultivation and rent.
60. چاہی A land which is irrigated by well.
61. نل چاہی L land which is irrigated by tube-well.
62. تقادی Loan granted by government to a Land owner for agricultural purposes.
63. چٹھہ جات Rough preliminary documents which are prepared in settlement operation before the preparation of record of rights (مسل حقیقت)
64. قسط بندی The demand statement of fixed Land Revenue.
65. شریک کاشت (سیری) A person who cultivates the land of other person as a co-sharer on some agreed conditions, but does not enjoy the status of a tenant. .
66. لال کتاب Village note Book prepared in accordance with Rule 71 of Land Revenue Rules, 1968 for each revenue Estate comprising eleven (11) statements showing the all particulars of a revenue Estate. It is also prepared in a consolidated form in respect of each Assessment circle, Tehsil & District.
67. مقریدار A tenant who have an occupancy rights in only Attock District in Punjab (Para 211 of S.M.)
68. حبوب۔ سوائی Sesses
69. آدھ لاپی A man, who by sinking a well in another man’s land acquires ownership in half of the land attached to the well. (see P.173 of S.M.)
70. ترنی/ بھونگا/ انگ Cesses on cattle levied by propriators on other residents in a village for grazing in village waste.
71. بیگہ A measure of area. In the Western Punjab the “Biga” is half of an acre. (04-kanals)
72. بُوٹی مار A tenant who has acquired permanent rights in the land by clearing “Jangal”. (It is one of a condition by Government for acquiring permanent rights in Land).
73. چیکوتا Lump grain rent or rent consisting of a fixed amount of grain in the rabi
74. سرسری پرتہ All round rate of Land Revenue without discrimination of soils or classes of Land
75. سیر مانی A fee of one ser in the mound of produce paid in recognition of proprietary title
1. Settlement Manual.
2. Land Record Manual.
3. Land Administration Manual.
4. Land Revenue Act, 1967.