The
Registration Act, 1908

Contents
Preamble
PART I
Preliminary
1. Short title, extent and commencement
2. Definitions
PART II
OF the Registration Establishment
3. Inspector-General of Registration
4. [Repealed]
5. Districts and sub-districts
6. Registrars and Sub-Registrars
7. Offices of Registrar and Sub-Registrar
8. Inspectors of Registration-offices
9. [Repealed]
10. Absence of Registrar or vacancy in his office
11. Absence of Registrar on duty in his district
12. Absence of Sub-Registrar or vacancy in his office
13. Report to Provincial Government of appointments under Sections 10, 11 and 12
14. Establishments of registering officers
15. Seal of registering officers
16. Register-books and fire-proof boxes
PART III
Of Register able Documents
17. Documents of which registration is compulsory
18. Documents of which registration is optional
19. Document in language not understood by registering officer
20. Document containing interlineations blanks, erasures or alterations
21. Description of property and maps or plans
22. Description of houses and land by reference to Government maps or surveys
PART IV
of the time of Presentation
23. Time for presenting documents
23-A Registration of certain documents
24. Documents executed by several persons at different times
25. Provision where delay in presentation is unavoidable
26. Documents executed out of the Provinces, etc.
27. Wills may be presented or deposited at any time
PART V
Of the place of Registration
28. Place for registering documents relating to land
29. Place for registering other documents
30. Registration by Registrars in certain cases
31. Registration or acceptance for deposit at private residence
PART VI
Of Presenting Documents for Registration
32. Persons to present documents for registration
33. Powers-of-attorney recognizable for purposes of Section 32
34. Enquiry before registration by registering officer
35. Procedure on admission and denial of execution respectively
PART VII
Of Enforcing the Appearance of Executants and Witnesses
36. Procedure where appearance of executant or witness is desired
37. Officer or Court to issue and cause service of summons
38. Persons exempt from appearance at registration office
39. Law as to summonses, commissions and witnesses
PART VIII
Of Presenting Wills and Authorities to Adopt
40. Persons entitled to present Wills and authorities to adopt
41. Registration of Wills and authorities to adopt
PART IX
Deposit and Disposal of Wills
42. Deposit of Wills
43. Procedure on deposit of Wills
44. Withdrawal of sealed cover deposited under Section 42
45. Proceedings on death of depositor
46. Saving of certain enactments and powers of Courts
46-A Destruction of Wills
PART X
Of the Effects of Registration and Non-registration
47. Time from which registered document operates.
48. Registered documents relating to property when to take effect against oral agreements
49. Effect of non-registration or documents required to be registered
50. Certain registered documents relating to land to take effect against unregistered documents
PART XI
Of the Duties and Powers of Registering Officers
(A) As to the Register-books and Indexes
51. Register-books to be kept in the several offices
52. Duties of registering officers when document presented
53. Entries to be numbered consecutively
54. Current indexes and entries therein
55. Indexes to be made by registering officers and their contents
56. [Repealed]
57. Registering officers to allow inspection of certain books and indexes;-and to give certified copies of entries
(B) As to the Procedure on admitting to registration
58. Particulars to be endorsed on documents admitted to registration
59. Endorsements to be dated and signed by registering officer
60. Certificate of registration
61. Endorsement and certificate to be copied and document returned
62. Procedure on presenting document in language unknown to registering officer
63. Power to administer oaths and record of substance of statements
(C) Special Duties of Sub-Registrar
64. Procedure where document relates to land in several sub-districts
65. Procedure where document relates to land in several districts
(D) Special Duties of Registrar
66. Procedure after registration of documents relating to land
67. Procedure after registration under Sec. 30, sub-section (2)
(E) Of the Controlling Powers of Registrars and Inspectors-General
68. Power of Registrars to superintend and control Sub-Registrars
69. Power of Inspector-General to superintend registration offices and make rules
70. Power of Inspector-General to remit fines
PART IX-A
Of the Copying of Documents by means of Photography
70-A Application of this Pan
70-B Definition
70-C Appointment of Photo-Registrars
70-D Documents may be photographed in areas notified by Government
70-E Application of Act to areas notified under Section 70-D.
70.F Powers of Inspector-General to make rules
PART XII
Of Refusal to Register
71. Reason for refusal to register to be recorded
72. Appeal to Registrar from orders of Sub-Registrar refusing registration on ground other than denial of execution
73. Application to Registrar where Sub-Registrar refuses to register on ground of denial of execution
74. Procedure of Registrar on such application
75. Order by Registrar to register and procedure thereon
76. Order of refusal by Registrar
77. Suit in case of order of refusal by Registrar
PART XIII Of the Fees for Registration, Searches and Copies
78. Fees to be fixed by Provincial Government
79. Publication of fees
80. Fees payable on presentation
PART XIV Of Penalties
81. Penalty for Incorrectly endorsing, copying, translating or registering documents with intent to injure
82. Penalty for making false statements, delivering false copies or translation, false personation and abetment
83. Registering officer may commence prosecutions
84. Registering officers to be deemed public servants
PART XV
Miscellaneous
85. Destruction of unclaimed documents
86. Registering officer not liable for thing bonafide done or refused in his official capacity
87. Nothing so done invalidated by defect in appointment or procedure
88. Registration of documents executed by Government, officers or certain public functionaries
89. Copies of certain orders, certificates and instruments to be sent to registering officers and filed
Exemptions from Act
90. Exemption of certain documents executed by or in favour of Government
91. Inspection and copies of such document
92. [Repealed}
93. [Repealed}

THE SCHEDULE
[Repealed]

The
Registration Act,1908

(XVI OF 1908)

[18th December, 1908]
An Act to consolidate the
enactments relating to the Registration of documents

Preamble: Whereas it is expedient to consolidate the enactments relating to the registration of documents:

It is hereby enacted as follows: –

PART I — PRELIMINARY

1. Short title, extent and commencement: (1) This Act may be called the Registration Act, 1908.

(2) It extends to the whole of Pakistan except such Districts or tracts of country as the Provincial Government may exclude from its operation.

(3) It shall one into force on the first day of January, 1909.

2. Definitions: In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context, –

(1) addition means the place of residence, and the profession, trade, rank and the title (if any) of a person described, and his father’s name, or where he is usually described as the son of his mother then his mother’s name ;

(2) ‘book’ includes a portion of a book and also any number of sheets connected together with a view of forming a book or portion of a book. ;

(2-a) ‘co-operative society’ means a co-operative society registered under the Cooperative Societies Act, 1912 (II of 1912), or under any other law for the time being in force relating to the registration of co-operative societies;

(3) ‘district’ and ‘sub-district’ respectively mean a district and sub-district formed under this Act;

(4) ‘District Court’ includes the High Court in its ordinary original civil jurisdiction;

(5) ‘endorsement’ and ‘endorsed’ include and apply to an entry in writing by a registering officer on a rider or covering slip to any document tendered for registration under this Act;

(6) ‘immovable property’ includes land, buildings, benefits to arise out of land, things attached to the earth, or permanently fastened to anything attached to the earth, hereditary allowances, rights to ways, lights, ferries and fisheries but does not include-

(a) standing timber, growing crops or grass whether immediate severance thereof is intended or not;
(b) fruit upon and juice in trees whether in existence or to grow in future ; and
(c) machinery embedded in or attached to the earth, when dealt with apart from the land ;

(7) ‘lease’ includes a counterpart, kabuliyat and an undertaking to cultivate or occupy ;

(8) ‘minor’ means a person who, according to the personal law to which he is subject, has not attained majority ;

(9) ‘movable property’ means property of every description, except immovable property ; and

(10) ‘representative’ includes the guardian of a minor and the committee or other legal curator of a lunatic or idiot.

Court Decisions
Movable property becoming immovable property–Principles–Where the properly is attached to the earth or permanently fastened to any thing which is attached to the earth, then movable property becomes immovable property—Nature of attachment, its object and purpose in such a situation would be dominant factors, Muhammad Ibrahim v. Northern Circars Fibre Trading Co. AIR 1944 Mad. 492 ref. 2002 Lawvision 47 = 2002 CLD 145
Stamp duty on auction purchase—Machinery embedded in the building of the factory was immovable property—Factory, in the present case, was in running condition when the same was auctioned and the machinery was imbedded in the earth—Plea raised by the auction-purchaser was that the stamp duty was payable only on the price of land and building and not on that of the machinery, as the same was not immovable property— Validity—Machinery embedded in earth, in factory sold with building and land was ‘immovable property’ for the purpose of registration and Stamp Act, 1899—Plea raised by the auction-purchaser was not accepted by High Court—Auction-purchaser was required to pay the stamp duty on the total purchase price including the price of machinery. Habib Credit and Exchange Bank Limited v. Hamaliya Textile Mills (Pvt.) Limited PLD 2000 Lah. 391 distinguished. Muhammad Ibrahim v. Northern Circars Fibre Trading Co. AIR 1944 Mad. 492 ref. 2002 Lawvision 47 = 2002 CLD 145

PART II
OF THE REGISTRATION ESTABLISHMENT

3. Inspector-General of Registration: (1) The Provincial Government shall appoint an officer to be the Inspector-General of Registration for the territories subject to such Government:
Provided that the Provincial Government may, instead of making such appointment, direct that all or any of the powers and duties hereinafter conferred and imposed upon the Inspector-General shall be exercised and performed by such officer or officers, and within such local limits, as the Provincial Government appoints in this behalf.
(2) Any Inspector-General may hold simultaneously any other office in the service of the State.

4. Branch Inspector-General of Sindh: [Repealed by the A.O., 1937.]

5. Districts and sub-districts: (1) For the purposes of this Act, the Provincial Government shall form districts and sub-districts, and shall prescribe, and may alter, the limits of such districts and sub-districts.

(2) The district and sub-districts formed under this section, together with the limits thereof, and every alteration, of such limits, shall be notified in the official Gazette.

(3) Every such alteration shall take effect on such day after the date of the notification as is therein mentioned.

6. Registrars and Sub-Registrars: The Provincial Government may appoint such persons, whether public officers or not, as it thinks proper, to be Registrars of the several districts, and to be Sub-Registrars of the several sub-districts, formed as aforesaid, respectively.

7. Offices of Registrar and Sub-Registrar: (1) The Provincial Government shall establish in every district an office to be styled the office of the Registrar and in every sub-district an office or offices to be styled the office of the Sub-Registrar of the offices of the Joint Sub-Registrars.

(2) The Provincial Government may amalgamate with any office of a Registrar any office of a Sub-Registrar subordinate to such Registrar, and may authorize any Sub-Registrar whose office has been so amalgamated to exercise and perform, in addition to his own powers and duties, all or any of the powers and duties of the Registrar to whom he is subordinate:
Provided that no such authorization shall enable a Sub-Registrar to hear an appeal against an order passed by himself under this Act.

8. Inspectors of Registration offices: (1) The Provincial Government may also appoint officers, to be called inspectors of Registration-offices, and may prescribe the duties of such officers.

(2) Every such Inspector shall be subordinate to the Inspector-General.

9. Military Cantonments may be declared sub-districts or districts: [Repealed by Act, X of 1927, Section 3 and Schedule II.]

10. Absence of Registrar or vacancy in his office: (1) When any Registrar is absent otherwise than on duty in his district, or when his office is temporarily vacant, any person whom the Inspector-General appoints in this behalf, or, in default of such appointment, the Judge of the District Court within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the Registrar’s office is situate, shall be the Registrar during such absence or until the Provincial Government fills up the vacancy.

(2) [Omitted by the A.O., 1949.]

11. Absence of Registrar on duty in his district: When any Registrar is absent from his office on duty in his district, he may appoint any Sub-Registrar or other person in his district to perform, during such absence, all the duties of a Registrar except those mentioned in Sees. 68 and 72.

12. Absence of Sub-Registrar or vacancy in his office: When any Sub-Registrar is absent, or when his office is temporarily vacant, any person whom the Registrar of the district appoints in this behalf shall be Sub-Registrar during such absence, or until the vacancy is filled up.

13. Report to Provincial Government of appointments under Sections 10, 11 and 12: (1) All appointments made under Section 10, Section 11 or Section 12 shall be reported to the Provincial Government by the Inspector-General.

(2) Such report shall be either special or general as the Provincial Government directs.

14. Establishments of registering officers: [Sub-section (1) omitted.]
(2) The Provincial Government may allow proper, establishments for the several offices under this Act.

15. Seal of registering officers: The several Registrars and Sub-Registrars shall use a seal bearing the following inscription in English and in such other language as the Provincial Government direct:-‘The seal of the Registrar (or of the Sub-Registrar) of.’

16. Register-books and fire-proof boxes; (1) The Provincial Government shall provide for the office of every registering officer the books necessary for the purposes of this Act.

(2) The books so provided shall contain the forms from time to time prescribed by the Inspector-General with the sanction of the Provincial Government, and the pages of such books shall be consecutively numbered in print, and the number of pages in each book shall be certified on the title-page by the officer by whom such books are issued.

(3) The Provincial Government shall supply the office of every Registrar with a fire-proof box, and shall in each district make suitable provision for the safe custody of the records connected with the registration of documents in such district.

PART III — OF REGISTRABLE DOCUMENTS

17. Documents of which registration is compulsory:

(1) The following documents shall be registered, if the property to which they relate is situate in a district in which, and if they have been executed on or after the date on which. Act No. XVI of 1864, or the Registration Act, 1886, or the Registration Act, 1871 or the Registration Act, 1877, or this Act came or comes into force, namely: –

(a) instruments of gift of immovable property ;
(b) other non-testamentary instruments which purport or operate to create declare, assign, limit or extinguish, whether in present or in future, any right, title or interest, whether vested or contingent of the value of one hundred rupees and upwards, to or in immovable property ;
Explanation: In the case of an assignment of a mortgage the consideration for the deed of assignment shall be deemed to be the value for Registration ;
(c) non-testamentary instruments (other than the acknowledgement of a receipt or payment made in respect of any transaction to which an instrument registered under clause (a) relates) which acknowledge the receipt or payment of any consideration on account of the creation, declaration, assignment, limitation or extinction of any such right, title or interest ;
(d) leases of immovable property from year to. year, or for any term exceeding one year, or reserving a yearly rent ; and
(e) non-testamentary instruments transferring or assigning any decree or order of a Court or any award when such decree or order or award purports or operates to create, declare, assign, limit or extinguish, whether in present or in future, any right, title or interest, whether vested or contingent, of the value of one hundred rupees and upwards, to or in immovable property :
Provided that the Provincial Government may, by order published in the official Gazette, exempt from the operation of this sub-section any leases executed in any district, or part of a district, the terms granted by which do not exceed five years and the annual rents reserved by which do not exceed fifty rupees.

(2) Nothing in clauses (b) and (c) of sub-section (1) applies to-

(i) any composition deed ; or
(ii) any instrument relating to shares in a Joint Stock Company, notwithstanding that the assets of such Company consist in whole or in part of immovable property ; or
(iii) any debenture issued by any such Company and not creating, declaring, assigning, limiting, or extinguishing any right, title or interest, to or in immovable property except in so far as it entitles the holder to the security afforded by a registered instrument whereby the Company has mortgaged, conveyed or otherwise transferred the whole or part of its immovable property or any interest therein to trustees upon trust for the benefit of the holders of such debentures; or
(iv) any endorsement upon or transfer of any debenture issued by any such Company ; or
(v) any document not itself creating, declaring, assigning, limit or extinguishing any right, title or interest of the value of one hundred rupees and upwards to or in immovable property, but merely creating a right to obtain another document which will, when executed, create, declare, assign, limit or extinguish any such right, title or interest; or
(vi) any decree or order of a Court except a decree or order expressed to be made on a compromise and comprising immovable property other than that which is the subject-matter of the suit or proceeding ; or
(vii) any grant of immovable property by the Crown; or
(viii) any instrument of partition made by a Revenue-officer ; or
(ix) any order granting a loan or instrument of collateral security granted under the Land Improvement Loans Act, 1883 ; or
(x) Any order granting a loan under the ‘o[West Pakistan Agriculturists Act, 1958 (Act XVII of 1958)] the Agricultural Development Bank Ordinance, 1961 (Ordinance IV of 1961), or under any other law for the time being in force relating to the advancement of loans for agricultural purpose, or any instrument under which a loan is granted by a cooperative society for any such purpose, or any instrument, or any instrument made for securing the repayment of a loan so granted ; or
(xi) any endorsement on a mortgage deed acknowledging the payment of the whole or any part of the mortgage money, and any other receipt for payment of money due under a mortgage ; or
(xii) any certificate of sale granted to the purchaser of any property sold by public auction by a Civil or Revenue officer, or
(xiii) any counterpart of a lease, where the lease corresponding thereto has itself been registered.
Explanation: A document purporting or operating to effect a contract for the sale of immovable property shall not be deemed to require or ever to have required registration by reason only of the fact that such document contains a recital of the payment of any earnest-money or of the whole or any part of the purchase-money.

(3) Authorities to adopt a son, executed after the first day of January, 1872, and not conferred by a will, shall also be registered.

Court Decisions
Suit for possession and cancellation of document—Plaintiff claimed to be the owner of certain plots on the basis of partition document of 1965 and mutation entered in 1972 incorporating division of land into numerous plots between plaintiff and other co-sharers—Trial Court decreed suit, which was upheld by Appellate Court—Contention of defendants was that partition document being on deficient stamp paper of Rs.2 and unregistered could not have been admitted in evidence and could not have become the basis of transfer of rights and interests to plaintiff—Validity—None of the parties had denied that partition document/family settlement and such mutation had been acted upon, implemented and completed as, back as in 1965, though mutation had been entered in 1972—None of beneficiaries of such partition/family settlement had ever disputed partition document as inadmissible or invalid—Land purchased by defendants was in the shape of plots (though described in sale-deed as part of bigger Khasra No.), which were under a scheme floated and incorporated even before partition of the property between original co-owners— Defendants having taken land in shape of plots (though without mentioning plots Nos. in sale-deed) could not be allowed to turn around and challenge entire scheme or partition documents/family settlement on the basis of which respective rights of co-owners had been defined and they had been put in possession—Defendants had not disputed the fact that they had been transferred land falling in share of late defendant (co-owner/vendee) long time after partition/family settlement and induction of late defendant and others into their respective parcel of land through effective implementation of partition document and mutation—Document of partition in fact and in essence had implemented pre-agreed scheme and division of property between parties—Such kind of document was not compulsorily registrable and did not bear deficient stamp duty—High Court dismissed appeal in circumstances. 2003 Lawvision 181 = 2003 MLD 140
Un-registered document of family settlement:- Un-registered document of family settlement being on stamp paper of Rs.2—Validity—Such document in fact and in essence implemented pre-agreed scheme and division of property between the parties—Such kind of document was not compulsorily registerable and did not bear deficient stamp duty. 2003 Lawvision 181 = 2003 MLD 140
Non-registration of document required by law to be registered–Admissibility—Document required by law to be registered, if was not registered, same was not admissible in evidence, but a rent deed which was required to be registered and was executed by tenant in favour of landlord, could be relied upon to establish relationship of landlord and tenant between the parties. 2003 Lawvision 108 = PLD 2003 Lahore 204
Whether decree passed on compromise requires registration– Section 17 (1) of Act enumerates documents which require compulsory registration and sub-section (2) of Section 17 makes exception thereto–It is apparent from clauses (i) and (vi) of Section 17(2) that neither composition deed nor decree or order of Court based thereon require compulsory registration–Held: Appellate court misinterpreted statutory provisions of law and committed illegality in directing registration of declaratory decree passed by it–Revision accepted. PLJ 1991 Peshawar 35
Contract for sale–Contract for sale would not require its compulsory registration because it was a document which, by itself, would not create a title, but it was a document creating a right to obtain another document i.e. sale-deed in favour of person in whose favour contract was executed. 2004 C L C 318
Partition of property by way of family arrangements by means of agreement-Not compulsorily register able-principles. 2004 S C M R 126

18. Documents of which registration is optional: Any document not required to be registered under Section 17 may also be registered under this Act.
Court Decisions
Transfer of property Act (IV of 1882), S. 41-Agreement to sell, non-registration of – Effect-Such agreement could neither subsequent vendee on guard nor notice thereof could be taken by a third person. PLD 2003 SC 494

19. Document in language not understood by registering officer: If any document duly presented for registration be in a language which the registering officer does not understand, and which is not, commonly used in the district, he shall refuse to register the document, unless it be accompanied by a true translation into a language commonly used in the district and also by a true copy.

20. Documents containing interlineations blanks, erasures, or alterations: (1) The registering officer may in his discretion refuse to accept for registration any document in which any interlinesation, blank, erasure or alteration appears, unless the persons executing the document attest with their signatures or initials such interlineation, blank, ersure or alteration.

(2) If a registering officer registers any such document, he shall, at the time of registering the same make a note in the register of such interlineation, blank, erasure or alteration.

21. Description of property and maps or plans: (1) No non-testamentary document relating to immovable property shall be accepted for registration unless it contains a description of such property sufficient to identify the same.

(2) Houses in towns shall be described as situate on the north or other side of the street or road (which should be specified) to which they front, and by their existing and former occupancies, and by their numbers if the houses in such street or road are numbered.

(3) Other houses and lands shall be described by their name, if any, and as being in the territorial division in which they are situate, and by their superficial contents, the roads and other properties on which they abut, and their existing occupancies, and also whenever it is practicable, by reference to a Government map or survey.

(4) No non-testamentary document containing a map or plan of any property comprised therein shall be accepted for registration unless it is accompanied by a true copy of the map or, plan, or, in case such property is situate in several districts, by such number of true copies of the map or plan as are equal to the number of such districts.

22 Description of houses and land by reference to Government maps or surveys: (1) Where it is, in the opinion of the Provincial Government, practicable to describe houses, not being houses in towns, and lands by reference to a Government map or survey, the Provincial Government may, by rule made under this Act, require that such houses and lands as aforesaid shall, for the purposes of Sec. 21, be so described.

(2) Save as otherwise provided by any rule made under sub-section (1), failure to comply with the provisions of Section 21, sub-section (2) or sub-section (3), shall not disentitle a document to be registered if the description of the property to which it relates in sufficient to identify that property.

PART IV — OF THE TIME OF PRESENTATION

23. Time for presenting documents: Subject to the provisions contained in Sections 24, 25 and 26, no document other than a will shall be accepted for registration unless presented for that purpose to the proper officer within four months from the date of its execution:
Provided that a copy of a decree or order may be presented within four months from the day on which the decree or order was made, or, where it is appealable, within four months from the day on which it becomes final.

23.A. Registration of certain documents: Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Act, if in any case a document requiring registration has been accepted for registration by a Registrar or Sub-Registrar from a person not duly empowered to present the same, and has been registered, any person claiming under such document may, within four months from his first becoming aware that the registration of such document is invalid, present such document or cause the same to be presented, in accordance with the Provisions of Part VI for re-registration in the office of the Registrar of the district in which the document was originally registered ; and upon the Registrar being satisfied that the document was so accepted for registration from a person not duly empowered to present the same, he shall proceed to the re-registration of the document as if it had not been previously registered, and as if such presentation for re-registration was a presentation for registration made within the time allowed therefor under Part IV, and all the provisions of this Act, as to registration of documents, shall apply to such re-registration ; and such document, if duly reregistered in accordance with the provisions of this section, shall be deemed to have been duly registered for all purposes from the date of its original registration :
Provided that, within three months from the twelfth day of September, 1917, any person claiming under a document to which this section applies may present the same of cause the same to be presented for re-registration in accordance with this section, whatever may have been the time when he first became aware that the registration of the document was invalid.]

24. Documents executed by several persons at different times: Where there are several persons executing a document at different times, such document may be presented for registration and re-registration within four months* from the date of each execution.

25. Provision where delay in presentation is unavoidable: (1) If, owing to urgent necessity or unavoidable accident, any document executed, or copy of a decree or order made, in Pakistan is not presented for registration till after the expiration of the time hereinbefore prescribed in that behalf, the Registrar, in cases where the delay in presentation does not exceed four months, may direct that, on payment of a fine not exceeding ten times the amount of the proper registration fee, such document shall be accepted for registration.

(2) Any application for such direction may be lodged with a Sub-Registrar, who shall forthwith forward it to the Registrar to whom he is subordinate.

26. Documents executed out of the Provinces, etc.: When a document purporting to have been executed by all or any of the parties out of Pakistan is not presented for registration till after the expiration of the time hereinbefore prescribed in that behalf, the registration officer, ii satisfied-

(a) that the instrument was so executed ; and

(b) that it has been presented for registration within four months after its arrival in Pakistan may, on payment of the proper registration fee, accept such document for registration.

27. Wills may be presented or deposited at any time: A will may at any time be presented for registration or deposited in manner hereinafter provided.

PART V
OF THE PLACE OF REGISTRATION

28. Place for registering documents relating to land: (1) Save as in this Part otherwise provided, every document mentioned in Section 17, sub-section (1), clauses (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e), Section 17, sub-section (2), and Section 18, in so far as such document affects immovable property, shall be presented for registration in the office of a Sub-Registrar within whose sub-district the whole or some portion of the property to which such document relates is situate.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), –

(a) after a document is registered, no party thereto shall be entitled to question the validity of its registration on the ground that the property which purported to give jurisdiction to the Sub-Registrar to register it either did not exist or was fictitious or insignificant or was not intended to be conveyed ; and
(b) a document the registration of which is secured by the inclusion of a non-existent, fictitious, or insignificant portion or item shall not in any manner affect the rights of a person who was not a part thereto and acquired rights in the property without notice of the transaction to which such document relates.

29. Place for registering other documents: (1) Every document not being a document referred to in Section 28 or a copy of decree or order, may be presented for registration either in the office of the Sub-Registrar in whose sub-district the document was executed, or in the office of any other Sub-Registrar under the Provincial Government at which all the persons executing and claiming under the document desire the same to be registered.

(2) A copy of a decree or order may be presented for registration in the office of the Sub-Registrar in whose sub-district the original decree or order was made, or, where the decree or order does not affect immovable property, in the office of any other Sub-Registrar under the Provincial Government at which all the persons claiming under the decree or order desire the copy to be registered.

30. Registration by Registrars in certain cases: (1) Any Registrar may in his discretion receive and register any document which might be registered by any Sub-Registrar subordinate o him.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in Section 28 any Registrar may receive and register any document without regard to the situation in any part of Pakistan of the property to which the document relates if he is satisfied that there is sufficient cause for doing so.

31. Registration or acceptance for deposit at private residence: The presentation, registration or deposit of documents under this Act shall ordinarily be made only at the office of the officer authorized to accept the same for registration or deposit :
Provided that such officer may on special cause being shown attend at the residence of any person desiring to present a document for registration or to deposit a will, and accept for registration or deposit such document or will.

PART VI —
OF PRESENTING DOCUMENTS FOR REGISTRATION

32. Persons to present document for registration: Except in the cases mentioned in Section 89, every document to be registered under this Act, whether such registration be compulsory or optional, shall be presented, –

(a) by some person executing or claiming under the Same, or, in the case of a cop; if a decree or order, claiming under the decree or order ; or

(b) by the representative or assign of such person ; or

(c) by the agent of such person, representative or assign, duly authorised by power-of-attorney executed and authenticated in manner hereinafter mentioned.

33. Powers-of-attorney recognizable for purposes of Section 3 – : (1) For the purposes of Section 32, the following power-of-attorney shall alone be recognised, namely:-

(a) if the principal at the time of executing the power-of-attorney resides in any part of Pakistan in which this Act is for the time being in force, a power-of-attorney executed before and authenticated by the Registrar or Sub-Registrar within whose district or sub-district the principal resides ;
(b) if the principal at the time aforesaid resides in any other part of Pakistan a power of attorney executed before and authenticated by any Magistrate.
(c) if the principal at the time aforesaid does not reside in Pakistan, power-of-attorney executed before and authenticated by a Notary Public or any Court, Judge, Magistrate, Pakistan Counsal or Vice-Consul, or representative of the Federal Government:
Provided that the following persons shall not be required to attend at any registration-officer or Court for the purpose of executing any such power-of-attorney as is mentioned in clauses (a) and (b) of this section, namely: –

(i) persons who by reason of bodily infirmity are unable without risk or serious inconvenience so to attend ;
(ii) persons who are in jail under civil or criminal process ; and
(iii) persons exempt by law from personal appearance in Court.

(2) In the case of every such person the Registrar or Sub-Registrar of Magistrate, as the case may be, if satisfied that the power-of-attorney has been voluntarily executed by the person purporting to be the principal, may attest the same without requiring his personal attendance at the officer or Court aforesaid.

(3) To obtain evidence as to the voluntary nature of the execution, the Registrar of Sub-Registrar or Magistrate may either himself go to the house of the person/purporting to be the principal, or the jail in which he is confined, and examine him, or issue a commission for his examination.

(4) Any power-of-attorney mentioned in this section may be proved by the production of it without further proof when it purports on the face it to have been executed before an authenticated by the person or Court hereinbefore mentioned in that behalf.

34. Enquiry before registration by registering officer: (1) Subject to the provisions contained in this Part and in Sections 41, 43, 45, 69, 75, 77, 88 and 89, no document shall be registered under this Act, unless the person executing such document, or their representatives, assigns or agents authorized as aforesaid, appear before the registering officer within the time allowed for presentation under Sections 23, 24, 25 and 26:
Provided that, if owing to urgent necessity or unavoidable accident all such persons do not so appear, the Registrar in cases where the delay in appearing does not exceed four months, may direct that on payment fine not exceeding ten times the amount of the proper registration-fee, in addition to the fine, if any, payable under Section 25, the document may be registered.

(2) Appearances under sub-section (1) may be simultaneous or at different times.

(3) The registering officer shall thereupon-

(a) enquire whether or not such document was executed by the persons by whom it purports to have been executed ;
(b) satisfy himself as to the identity of the persons appearing before him and alleging that they have executed the document; and
(c) in the case of any person appearing as a presentative, assign or agent, satisfy himself of the right of such person so to appear.

(4) Any application for a direction under the proviso to sub-section (1) may be lodged with the Sub-Registrar, who shall forthwith forward it to the Registrar to whom he is subordinate.

(5) Nothing in this section applies to copies of decrees or orders.

35. Procedure on admission and denial of execution respectively:(1)(a)If all the persons executing the document appear personally before the registering officer and are personally known to him, or if he be otherwise satisfied that they are the persons they represent themselves to be, and if they all admit the execution of the document ; or

(b) if in the case of any person appearing by a representative, assign or agent, such representative, assign or agent admit the execution ; or
(c) if the person executing the document is dead, and his representative or assign appears before the registering officer and admits the execution; the registering officer shall register the document as directed in Sections 58 to 61, inclusive.

(2) The registering officer may, in order to satisfy himself that the persons appearing before him are the persons they represent themselves to be; or for any other purpose contemplated by this Act, examine any one present in his office.
(3) (a) If any person by whom the document purports to be executed denies its execution ; or

(b) if any such person appears to the registering officer to be a minor, an idiot or a lunatic ; or
(c) if any person by whom the document purports to be executed is dead, and his representative or assign denies its execution; the registering officer shall refuse to register the document as to the person so denying appearing or dead :

Provided that, where such officer is a Registrar, he shall follow the procedure prescribed in Part XII:
Provided further that the Provincial Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, declare that any Sub-Registrar named in the notification shall, in respect or documents the execution of which is denied, be deemed to be a Registrar for the purposes of this sub-section and of Part XII.

PART VII –
OF ENFORCING THE APPEARANCE OF EXECUTANTS AND WITNESSES

36. Procedure where appearance of executant or witness is desired: If any person presenting any document for registration or claiming under any document which is capable of being so presented, desires the appearance of any person whose presence or testimony is necessary for the registration of such document, the registering officer may, in his discretion, call upon such officer or Court as the Provincial Government directs in this behalf to issue a summons requiring him to appear at the registration-office, either in person or by duly authorised agent, as in the summons may be mentioned, and at a time named therein.

37. Officer or Court to issue and cause service of summons: The officer or Court, upon receipt of the peon’s fee payable in such cases, shall issue the summons accordingly, and cause it to be served upon the person whose appearance is so required.

38. Person exempt from appearance at registration office: (1)

(a) A person who by reason of bodily infirmity is unable without risk or serious inconvenience to appear at the registration-office, or
(b) a person in jail under civil or criminal process, or
(c) persons exempt by law from personal appearance in Court, and who would but for the provision next hereinafter contained be required to appear in person at the registration office, shall not be required so to appear.

(2) In the case of every such person the registering officer shall either himself go to the house of such person, or to the jail in which he is confined, and examine him or issue a commission for his examination.

39. Law as to summonses, commissions and witnesses: The law in force for the time being as to summonses, commissions and compelling the attendance of witnesses, and for their remuneration in suits before Civil Courts, shall save as aforesaid and mutatis mutandis, apply to any summons or commission issued and any person summoned to appear under the provisions of this Act.

PART VIII — OF PRESENTING WILLS AND AUTHORITIES TO ADOPT

40. Persons entitled to present wills and authorities to adopt: (1) The testator, or after his death any person claiming as executor or otherwise under a will may present it to any Registrar or Sub-Registrar for registration.

(2) The donor, or after his death the donee, of any authority to adopt, or the adoptive son, may present it to any Registrar or Sub-Registrar for registration.

41. Registration of wills, and authorities to adopt: (1) A will or an authority to adopt, presented for, registration by the testator or donor, may be registered in the same manner as any other document.

(2) A will or authority to adopt presented for registration by any other person entitled to present it shall be registered if the registering officer is satisfied-

(a) that the will or authority was executed by the testator or donor, as the case may be ;
(b) that the testator or donor is dead ; and
(c) that the person presenting the will or authority is, under Section 40, entitled to present the same.

PART IX —
DEPOSIT AND DISPOSAL OF WILLS

42. Deposit of Wills: (1) Any testator may, either personally or by duly authorised agent, deposit with any Registrar his will in a sealed cover superscribed with the name of the testator and that of his agent (if any) and with a statement of the nature of the document.

(2) The testator shall also endorse on the cover the name and address of the person to whom the original document shall be delivered after registration thereof, after his death.

43. Procedure on deposit of Wills: (1) On receiving such cover, the Registrar, if satisfied that the person presenting the same for deposit is the testator or his agent, shall transcribe in his Register-book No. 5 the superscription aforesaid, and shall note in the same book and on the said cover the year, month, day and hour of such presentation and receipt, and the names of any persons who may testify to the identity of the testator or his agent, and any legible inscription which may be on the seal of the cover.

(2) The Registrar shall then place and retain the sealed cover in his fire-proof box.

Court Decisions
Whether mere deposit of will with Registrar is sufficient–Question of–Under Section 43 of Act, if Registrar is satisfied that will has been presented for deposit by testator or his agent then he shall transcribe super-scription in Register book No.5 and note exact time and date of presentation and receipt and names of persons identifying testator or his agent on said book and sealed cover—After death of testator, he (Registrar) may open sealed cover and cause contents of will copied in Book No.3–After completing this procedure, will is delivered to nominee of testator or his representative–Provisions of Sections 43 and 45 were not complied with by Registrar in this case–Held: Deposit of will with Registrar was meaningless and no credence can be attached to it–Held further: Appellant has failed to prove will. PLJ 1991 Karachi 140

44. Withdrawal of sealed cover deposited under Section 42: If the testator who has deposited such cover wishes to withdraw it, he may apply, either personally or by duly authorised agent to the Registrar who holds it in deposit, and such Registrar, if satisfied that the applicant is actually the testator or his agent, shall deliver the cover accordingly.

45. Proceedings on death of depositor: (1) If, on the death of a testator who has deposited a sealed cover under Section 42, application be made to the Registrar who holds it in deposit to open the same, and if the Registrar is satisfied that the testator is dead, he shall, in the applicant’s presence, open the cover, and, at the applicant’s expense, cause the contents thereof to be copied into his Book No. 3 and then deliver the deposited will to the nominee of the testator or his representative.

(2) If, in respect of any will deposited, no steps are taken by the testator or other person under Section 44 of sub-section (1) of (his section, the Registrar shall follow the procedure hereinafter provided for the disposal of such will or sealed cover.

Court Decisions
Whether mere deposit of will with Registrar is sufficient– Under Section 43 of Act, if Registrar is satisfied that will ,has been presented for deposit by testator or his agent then he shall transcribe super-scription in Register book No.5 and note exact time and date of presentation and receipt and names of persons identifying testator or his agent on said book and sealed cover—After death of testator, he (Registrar) may open sealed cover and cause contents of will copied in Book No.3–After completing this procedure, will is delivered to nominee of testator or his representative–Provisions of Sections 43 and 45 were not complied with by Registrar in this case–Held: Deposit of will with Registrar was meaningless and no credence can be attached to it–Held further: Appellant has failed to prove will–Appeal dismissed. PLJ 1991 Karachi 140

46. Saving of certain enactments and powers of Courts: (1) Nothing hereinbefore contained shall affect the provisions of Section [294 of the Succession Act, 1925 (XXXIX of 1925)], or the power of any Court by order to compel the production of any will.

(2) When any such order is made, the Registrar shall, unless the will has been already copied under Section 45, open the cover and cause the will to be copied into his Book No. 3 and make a note on such copy that the original has been removed into Court in pursuance of the order aforesaid.

46-A. Destruction of Wills: (1) Any will in deposit, with a Registrar, at the commencement of the Registration (Amendment) Ordinance, 1962, and any will thereafter deposited may be destroyed after following the procedure hereinafter provided, if the will is not registered before such destruction.

(2) Every registering officer shall on the first day of July in the year next after commencement of the Registration (Amendment) Ordinance, 1962, and on the first day of July in every succeeding third year, send by post a notice to every depositor and his nominee, inquiring about the depositor’s present address and shall enter on the cover and in his registers any new address supplied in response to such notice.

(3) If, as a result of such notice or in any other manner, the Registrar is satisfied that the testator has died, the Registrar shall, after making an entry in his books as to the death of the testator and the nature of the information on which he has acted, open the cover in the presence of a judicial officer (not below the rank of a Civil Judge a Munsif). He shall thereupon issue a notice to the executor, if any, and also to such other person or persons deriving any benefit under the will as the two officers may determine, informing them about the existence of the will and also that unless steps are taken within a period of six months therefrom for registration of the will the document shall be liable to be destroyed.

(4) Notwithstanding the expiry of the period specified in the notice, until the will is actually destroyed in accordance with the provisions of the Destruction of Records Act, 1917 (V of 1917), the registration of the same can be effected, at the request of the person entitled thereto, on payment of the proper charges.]

PART X –
OF THE EFFECTS OF REGISTRATION AND NON-REGISTRATION

47. Time from which registered document operates: A registered document shall operate from the time from which it would have commenced to operate if no registration thereof had been required or made, and not from the time of its registration.

Court Decisions
Applicability—Right of third person (pre-emptor) not a party to document of transfer—Document would operate against third person from date of registration and not from date of execution. P L J 1980 AJK (SC) 144

48 Registered documents relating to property when to take effect against oral agreements: All non-testamentary documents duly registered under this Act, and relating to any property, whether movable or immovable, shall take effect against any oral agreement or declaration relating to such property, unless where the agreement or declaration has been accompanied or followed by delivery of possession and the same constitutes a valid transfer under any law for the time being in force:
Provided that a mortgage by deposit of title-deeds as defined in Section 58 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882, shall take effect against any mortgage-deed subsequently executed and registered which relates to the same property.

49. Effect of non-Registration of documents required to be registered: No document required to be registered under this Act or under any earlier law providing for or relating to registration of documents shall-

(a) operate to create, declare, assign, limit or extinguish, whether in present or in future, any right, title or interest, whether vested or contingent, to or in immovable property, or
(b) confer any power to adopt, unless it has been registered.

Court Decisions
Admissibility:- Document required by law to be registered, if was not registered, same was not admissible in evidence, but a rent deed which was required to be registered and was executed by tenant in favour of landlord, could be relied upon to establish relationship of landlord and tenant between the parties. 2003 Lawvision 108 = PLD 2003 Lahore 204
Unregistered agreement—Effect-Agreement relied upon by the plaintiffs pertained to immovable property of value of more than Rs. 100 and the same required compulsory registration-Vendor executed general power of attorney in favour of his daughter who, in consequence of that document, executed mutation of the suit-land in favour of her husband—Contention of the plaintiffs was that the agreement was prior in time to the execution of mutation of the suit land—Validity-Where agreement was an unregistered document, same did not create any title in favour of the plaintiffs—Nothing was available on record to restrain the attorney from executing mutation in favour of any person including her husband—Agreement being an unregistered document did not create any title in favour of plaintiffs and the attorney was perfectly within her right to execute the mutation—Both the Courts below had returned their findings in accordance with law and the suit was rightly dismissed.
Subedar Muhammad Yousuf v. Muhammad Sarwar Khan and others PLD 1955 Lah. 521; Pyare Lal and others v. Mt. Kalawati AIR 1949 All. 340 and Official Receiver of Salem v. Chinna Goundan and another AIR 1957 Mad. 630 distinguished. Moosa and others v. Muhammad Yakoob and others PLD 1966 (W.P.) Kar. 376 ref. 2001 Lawvision 109
Agreement to sell, non-registration of – Such agreement could neither subsequent vendee on guard nor notice thereof could be taken by a third person. PLD 2003 SC 494

50. Certain registered documents relating to land to take effect against unregistered documents:

(1) Every document of the kinds mentioned in clauses (a),.(b), (c) and (d) of Section 17, sub-section (1) and every document remittable under Section 18, in so far as such document effects immovable property or acknowledges the receipt or ‘payment of any consideration in respect of any transaction relating to, immovable property shall, if duly registered, take effect as regards the property comprised therein, against every unregistered document relating to the same property, and not being a decree or order, whether such unregistered document be of the same nature as the registered document or not :
Provided that the person in possession of the property under an unregistered document prior in date, would be entitled to the rights under Section 53-A of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882 (IV of 1882), if the conditions of that Section are fulfilled:
Provided further that the person in whose favour an unregistered document is executed shall be entitled to enforce the contract under the unregistered document in a suit for specific performance against a person claiming under a subsequent registered document, subject to the provisions of clause (b) of Section 27 of the Specific Relief Act, 1877 (1 of 1877).

(2) Nothing in sub-section (1) applies to leases exempted under the proviso to sub-section (1) of Section 17, or to any document mentioned in sub-section (2) of the same section, or to any registered document which had not priority under the law in force at the commencement of this Act.
Explanation: In cases where Act, XVI of 1866, or the Registration Act, 1866, was in force in the place and at the time in and at which such unregistered document was executed, ‘unregistered’ means not registered according to such Act, and, where the document is executed after the first day of July, 1871, not registered under the Registration Act, 1871, or the Registration Act 1877, or this Act.
Court Decisions
First proviso to section 50(1) of Registration Act gives protection to person in possession of property under an unregistered document, be it an agreement for sale or a contract of sale–Only condition is that it should be an unregistered document by a person in possession of property under it and that he fulfils conditions laid down in section 53-A of Transfer of Property Act. PLJ 1997 SC 498 Subedar Muhammad Yousuf v. Muhammad Sarwar Khan and others PLD 1955 Lah. 521; Pyare Lal and others v. Mt. Kalawati AIR 1949 All. 340 and Official Receiver of Salem v. Chinna Goundan and another AIR 1957 Mad. 630 distinguished. Moosa and others v. Muhammad Yakoob and others PLD 1966 (W.P.) Kar. 376 ref. 2001 Lawvision 109

PART XI — OF THE DUTIES AND POWERS OF REGISTERING OFFICERS

(A) As to the Register-books and Indexes

51 Register-books to be kept in the several offices: (1) The following books, shall be kept in the several offices hereinafter named, namely: –

A. -In all registration offices-
Book 1, ‘Register of non-testamentary documents relating to immovable property.’
Book 2, ‘Record of reasons for refusal to register’;
Book 3, ‘Register of wills and authorities to adopt’; and
Book4, ‘Miscellaneous Register’.

B. – In the offices of Registrar-
Book 5. ‘Register of deposits of wills. ‘-

(2)- In book 1 shall be enforced or filed all documents or memoranda registered under Sections 17, 18 and 89 which relate to immovable property, and are not wills.

(3) In Book 4 shall be entered all documents registered under Section 18 which do not relate to immovable property.

(4) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to require more than one set of books where the office of Registrar has been amalgamated with the office of a Sub-Registrar.

(5) If, in the opinion of the Registrar, any of the books mentioned in sub-section (1) is in danger of being destroyed or becoming illegible wholly or partially, the Registrar may, by a written order, direct such book or portion thereof as he thinks fit, to be recopied and authenticated in such manner as may be prescribed by rules, and the copy prepared and authenticated under such direction shall, for all purposes of this Act and of the Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872), be deemed to be the original book or portion and all references in this Act to the original book shall be deemed to be to the book or portion so recopied and authenticated.

52 Duties of registering officers when document presented: (1)

(a) The day, hour and place of presentation and the signature of every person presenting a document for registration, shall be endorsed on every such document at the time of presenting it ;
(b) a receipt for such document shall be given by the registering officer to the person presenting the same ; and
(c) subject to the provisions contained in Section 62, every document admitted to registration shall without unnecessary delay be copied in the book appropriated therefor according to the order of its admission.

(2) All such books shall be authenticated at such intervals and in such manner as is from time to time prescribed by the Inspector-General.

53. Entries to be numbered consecutively: All entries in each book shall be numbered in a consecutive series which shall commence and terminate with the year a fresh series being commenced at the beginning of each year.

54. Current indexes and entries therein: In every office in which any of the books hereinbefore mentioned are kept, there shall be prepared current indexes of contents of such books;
and every entry in such indexes shall be made, so far as practicable, immediately after the registering officer has copied, or filed a memorandum of the document to which it relates.

55. Indexes to be made by registering officers, and their contents: (1) Four such indexes shall be made in all registration-offices, and shall be named, respectively, Index No. I, Index No. II, Index No. Ill and Index No. IV.

(2) Index No. I shall contain the names and additions of all persons executing and of all persons claiming under every document entered or memorandum filed in Book No. 1.

(3) Index No. II shall contain such particulars mentioned in Section 1 relating to every such document and memorandum as the Inspector-General from time to time directs in that behalf.

(4) Index No. Ill shall contain the names and additions of all persons executing every will and authority entered in Book No. 3, and of the executors and persons respectively appointed thereunder, and after the death of the testator or the donor (but not before) the names and additions of all persons claiming under the same.

(5) Index No. IV shall contain the names and additions of all persons executing and of all persons claiming under every document entered in Book No. 4.

(6) Each index shall contain such other particulars, and shall be prepared in such form, as the Inspector-General from time to time directs.

(7) If, in the opinion of the Registrar, any of the indexes mentioned in sub-section (1) is in danger of being destroyed or becoming illegible wholly or partially, the Registrar may, by a written order, direct such index or portion thereof as he thinks fit, to be recopied in such manner as may be prescribed by rules, and any copy so prepared shall, for the purposes of this Act and of the Evidence Act, 1872 (I of 1872), be deemed to be the original index or portion and all references in this Act to the original index or portion shall be deemed to be reference to the index of portion prepared as aforesaid.

56. Copy of entries in Indexes Nos. I, II and III to be sent by the Sub-Registrar to Register and filed. [Repealed by the Registration (Amendment) Act, XV of 1919, Section 2.]

57. Registering Officers to allow inspection of certain Books and indexes, and to give certified copies of entries: (1) Subject to the previous payment of the fees payable in that behalf the Books Nos. 1 and 2 and the Index relating to Book No. 1 shall be at all times open to inspection by any person applying to inspect the same; and, subject to the provisions of Section 62, copies of entries ins such books shall be given to all persons applying for such copies.

(2) Subject to the same provisions, copies of entries in Book No. 3 and in the Index relating thereto shall be given to the persons executing the documents to which such entries relate, or to their agents, and after the death of the executants (but not before) to any person applying for such copies.

(3) Subject to the same provisions, copies of entries in Book No. 4, and in the Index relating thereto shall be given to any person executing or claiming under the documents to which such entries respectively refer, or to his agent or representative.

(4) The requisite search under this section for entries in Books Nos. 3 and 43 shall be made only by the registering officer.

(5) All copies given under this section shall be signed and sealed by the registering officer, and shall be admissible for the purpose of proving the contents of the original documents.

(B) As to the Procedure on admitting to Registration.

58. Particulars to be endorsed on documents admitted to registration: (1) On every document admitted to registration, other than a copy of a decree or order, or a copy sent to a registering officer under Section 89, there shall be endorsed from time to time the following particulars, namely: –

(a) the signature and addition of every person admitting the execution of the document, and, if such execution has been admitted by the representative, assign or agent of any person, the signature and addition of such representative, assign or agent ;
(b) the signature and addition or every person examined in reference to such document under any of the provisions of this Act ; and
(c) any payment of money or delivery of goods made in the presence of the registering officer in reference to the execution of the document, and any admission of receipt of consideration, in whole or in part, made in his presence in reference to such execution.

(2) If any person admitting the execution of a document refuses to endorse the same, the registering officer shall nevertheless register it, but shall at the same time endorse a note of such refusal.

Court Decisions

Presumptions-Execution of document presumed from facts mentioned in “endorsement” regarding registration, PLJ 1981 Lahore 8

59. Endorsements to be dated and signed by registering officer: The registering officer shall affix the date and his signature to all enforcements made under Sections 52 and 58, relating to the same document and made in his presence on the same day.

Court Decisions
No legal presumption would arise from the registration of a document as regards legality of its execution-provision of S. 60, Registration Act, 1908 provided only that when a certificate containing the word “registered” was endorsed by the Registering officer on the document, document was admissible for purpose of proving that same was duly registered in the manner provided by the Registration Act, 1908 and the facts mentioned in the endorsement referred to in S. 59 the said Act occurred as mentioned therein. PLD 2003 SC 676

60. Certificate of registration : (1) After such of the provisions of Sections 34, 35, 58 and 59 as apply to any document presented for registration have been complied with the registering officer shall endorse thereon a certificate containing the word ‘registered’, together with the number and page of the book in which the document has been copied.

(2) Such certificate shall be signed, sealed and dated by the registering officer, and shall then be admissible for the purpose of proving that the document has been duly registered in manner provided by this Act, and that the facts mentioned in the endorsements referred to in Section 59, have occurred as therein mentioned.

Court Decisions
Certificate of Registration-Execution of a registered or unregistered document should be proved in case of specific denial of execution of document-Certificate endorsed on a document by Registering officer was a relevant piece of evidence for proving execution of document but it would not be decisive as to execution in case of a specific denial and dispute about the execution of document. Certificate of Registration is only to show the execution of the document and presumption beyond that could not be drawn therefrom. PLD 2003 SC 676
Execution of power of attorney-In the absence of adequate and strong evidence, presumption in favour of execution of the power-of-attorney could not be lawfully drawn. No legal presumption would arise from the registration of a document as regards legality of its execution-provision of S. 60, Registration Act, 1908 provided only that when a certificate containing the word “registered” was endorsed by the Registering officer on the document, document was admissible for purpose of proving that same was duly registered in the manner provided by the Registration Act, 1908 and the facts mentioned in the endorsement referred to in S. 59 the said Act occurred as mentioned therein. PLD 2003 SC 676
Person who was allegedly authorized to act as attorney on behalf of the lady and to compromise the suit was neither summoned for evidence nor called upon to produce the original power of attorney-Lady was statedly identified to the Sub-Registrar by Sarbrah Lambardar, who was known to the Registrar was also not produced at eh trial to prove execution of the document whereas the scribe of the document though summoned, was not produced in the witness-box-Marginal witness though examined at the trial of the suit, denied his signature on any power of attorney or the execution of such document in his presence-Legitimate inference thus would be that the other party was fully conscious of the fact that he was legally obliged to prove the execution of power of attorney, irrespective of its registration but he failed to establish that fact-In the absence of execution of a power of attorney by the lady, signatures on the compromise application culminating in a consent decree would appear to be farce-High Court, therefore, was perfectly justified in drawing an inference that the lady was illegally deprived of valuable right to property by wrongful means, which could not be permitted at law-Supreme Court declined interference in circumstances. PLD 2003 SC 676
Presumptions-Execution of document presumed from facts mentioned in “endorsement” regarding registration, PLJ 1981 Lahore 8

61. Endorsements and certificate to be copied and document returned: (1) The endorsements and certificate referred to and mentioned in Sections 59 and 60 shall thereupon be copied into the margin of the Register-Book, and the copy of the map or plan (if any), mentioned in Section 21 shall be filed in Book No. 1.

(2) The registration of the document shall thereupon be deemed complete, and the document shall then be returned to the person who presented the same for registration, or to such other person (if any) as he has nominated in writing in that behalf on the receipt mentioned in Section 52.

62. Procedure on presenting document in language unknown to registering officer: (1) When a document is presented for registration under Section 19, the translation shall be transcribed in the register of documents of the nature of the original, and, together with the copy referred to in Section 19, shall be filed in the registration office.

(2) The endorsements and certificate respectively mentioned in Sections 59 and 60 shall be made on the original, and for the purpose of making the copies and memoranda required by Sections 57, 64, 65 and 66 the translation shall be treated as if it were the
original.

63. Power to administer oaths and records of substance of statements: (1) Every registering officer may at his discretion administer an oath to any person examined by him under the provisions of this Act.

(2) Every such officer may also at his discretion record a note of the substance of the statement made by each such person and such statement shall be read over, or (if made in a language with which such person is not acquainted) interpreted to him in a language with which the is acquainted, and, if he admit the correctness of such note, it shall be signed by the registering officer.

(3) Every such note so signed shall be admissible for the purpose of proving that the statements therein recorded were made by the persons and under the circumstances therein stated.

(C) Special Duties of Sub-Registrar

64. Procedure where document relates to land in several sub-districts: (1) Every Sub-Registrar on registering a non-testamentary document relating to immovable property not wholly situate in his own sub-district shall make a memorandum thereof and of the endorsement and a, certificate (if any) thereon and send the same to every other Sub-Registrar subordinate to the same Registrar as himself in whose sub-district any part of such property is situate, and such Sub-Registrar shall file the memorandum in his Book No. 1.

65. Procedure where document relates to land in several districts. (1) Every Sub-Registrar on registering non-testamentary document relating to immovable property situate in more districts than one shall also forward a copy thereof and of the endorsement and certificate (if any) thereon, together with a copy of the map or plan (if any), mentioned in Section 21 to the Registrar of every district in which any part of such property is situate other than the district in which his own sub-district is situate.

(2) The Registrar on receiving the same shall file in his Book No. 1 the copy of the document and the copy of the map or plan (if any), and shall forward a memorandum of the document to each of the Sub-Registrars subordinate to him within whose sub-district any part of such property is situate ; and every Sub-Registrar receiving such memorandum shall file it in his Book No. 1.

(D) Special Duties of Registrar

66. Procedure after registration of documents relating to land: (1) On registering any non-testamentary document relating to immovable property the Registrar shall forward a memorandum of such document to each Sub-Registrar subordinate to himself in whose sub-district any part of the property is situate.

(2) The Registrar shall also forward a copy of such document, together with a copy of the map or plan (if any), mentioned in Section 21, to every other Registrar in whose district any part of such property is situate.

(3) Such Registrar on receiving any such copy shall file it in his Book No. 1 and shall also send a memorandum of the copy to each of the Sub-Registrars subordinate to him within whose sub-district any part of the property is situate.

(4) Every Sub-Registrar receiving any memorandum under this section shall file it in this Book No. 1.

67. Procedure after registration under Section 30, Sub-section (2) : On any document being registered under Section 30, sub-section (2) a copy of such document and of the .endorsement and certificate thereon shall be forwarded to every Registrar within whose District any part of the property to which the instrument relates is situate, and the Registrar receiving such copy shall follow the procedure prescribed for him in Section 66, sub-section (1)

(E) Of the Controlling Powers of Registrars and Inspectors-General

68. Power of Registrars to superintend and control Sub-Registrars: (2) Every Sub-Registrar shall perform the duties of his office under the superintendence and control of the Registrar in whose district the office of such Sub-Registrar is situate.

(2) Every Registrar shall have authority to issue (whether on complaint or otherwise) any order consistent with this Act which he considers necessary in respect of any act or omission of any Sub-Registrar subordinate to him or in respect of the rectification of any error regarding the book or the, office in which any document has been registered.

69. Power of Inspector-General to superintend registration officers and make rules: (1) The Inspector-General shall exercise a general superintendence over all the registration offices in the territories under the Provincial Government, and shall have powers from time to time to make rules consistent with this Act-

(a) providing for the safe custody of books, papers and documents ;
(b) declaring what languages shall be deemed to be commonly used in each district ;
(c) declaring what territorial divisions shall be recognized under Section 21 ;
(d) regulating the amount of fines imposed under Sections 25 and 34, respectively ;
(e) regulating the exercise of the discretion reposed in the registering officer by Section 63;
(f) regulating the form in which registering officers are to make memoranda of documents;
(g) regulating the authentication by Registrars and Sub-Registrars of the books kept in their respective offices under Section 51 ;
(h) declaring the particulars to be contained in Indexes Nos. I, II, III and IV, respectively;
(i) declaring the holidays that shall be observed in the registration offices ; and
(j) generally, regulating the proceedings of the Registrars and Sub-Registrars.

(2) The rules so made shall be submitted to the Provincial Government for approval, and after they have been approved, they shall be published in the official Gazette, and on publication shall have effect as if enacted in this Act.

70. Power of Inspector-General to remit fines: The Inspector-General may also, in the exercise of his discretion, remit wholly or in part the difference between any fine levied under Section 25 or Section 34, and the amount of the proper registration fee.

PART XI-A
OF THE COPYING OF DOCUMENTS BY MEANS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

70-A. Application of this part: This part shall apply to such areas only as are specified in a notification issued under Section 70-D.

70-B. Definitions: For the purposes of this Part ‘Photo-Registrars’ means a Photo-Registrar appointed under this Part.

70-C. Appointment of Photo-Registrar: The Provincial Government may appoint a Registrar or Sub-Registrar or any other person to be a Photo-Registrar for the performance of duties under this Part:
Provided that the Provincial Government may subject to such restrictions and conditions as it thinks fit, delegate the power of appointing Photo-Registrars to the Inspector-General of Registration.

70-D. Documents may be photographed in areas notified by Government: (1) The Provincial Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, direct that in any district or sub-district specified in the notification copies of documents admitted to registration under this Act shall be made by means of photography.

(2) on the issue of such notification it shall be translated into Urdu and shall be posted in a conspicuous place at the Registration offices affected by the notification.

70-E. Application of Act to areas notified under Sec. 70-D: In any district or sub-district in respect of which a notification has been issued under Section 70-D, the provisions of this Act shall, for the purposes of this Part, be subject to the following modifications, namely: –

(1) (a) Every document admitted to registration under Section 35 or Section 41 shall on every page –

(i) be signed in the presence of the registering officer by the person or any one of the persons presenting the document for registration ; and
(ii) be carefully marked with an identification stamp and the serial number of the document.

(b) It shall be then transmitted by the registering officer, unless he is himself the Photo-Registrar, to the Photo-Registrar, and the registering officer or the Photo-Registrar, as the case may be, shall cause each side of each page of such document together with all stamps, endorsements, seals, signatures, thumb-impressions and certificates appearing thereon to be photographed without subtraction or alteration. He may for this purpose cut or untie, without breaking any seals the thread or ribbon, if any, wherewith the pages of the document are swen together, in order to separate the pages of the document, and, as soon as the document has been photographed, he shall, as far as practicable, exactly rebind the document as before, and if he has cut the thread or ribbon shall seal it over the joint with his seal:
Provided that the party presenting the document for registration shall, if he so desires, be allowed to be present and watch the unbinding, rebinding and sealing of the document:
Provided further that if the party presenting the document so requests the document shall be returned to him unbound:
Provided also that before or after transmission of the document to the Photo-Registrar the party presenting the document may require the registering officer to have it copied by hand under Section 52, or if the document has been presented for registration under Section 19 its translation copied under Section 62 on payment of an additional copying fee.
(c) There shall then be prepared and preserved the negative and at least one Photographic print and to each such negative and print the Photo-Registrar shall fix his signature and seal in token of the exact correspondence of the copy to the original document, as admitted for registration:
Provided that when more than one such negative is recorded on one length of film and the Photo-Registrar has affixed his signature and seal at the end of such length of film certifying in the manner prescribed by rules made in this behalf, the exact correspondence of all copies on such length of film with the original documents, the Photo-Registrar shall be deemed to have affixed his signature and seal to each such negative on such length of film.
(d) One set of such prints arranged in the order of their serial numbers shall be made up into books and sewn or bound together. To each such book the Registrar or Sub-Registrar shall prefix a certificate of the serial numbers it contains, and the books shall then be preserved in the records of the Sub-Registrar. The negatives shall be preserved in such suitable place as the Inspector-General may prescribe.

(2) All words and expressions used in the act with reference to the making of copies of documents by hand or the entering or filing of documents or memoranda in books provided under Section 16 shall so far as may be necessary, be construed as referring to the making of such copies by means of photography or the entering or filing of documents or memoranda in books made up of copies prepared by means of photography.

(3) Where this Part applies the sections mentioned below shall be deemed to be modified as follows: –

(a) In Section 19 the words ‘and also by a true copy’ shall be omitted ;
(b) sub-section (4) of Section 21 shall be omitted ;
(c) the words ‘according to the order of its admission’ occurring in clause (c) of sub-section (1) of Section 52 shall be omitted ;
(d) Section 53 shall be omitted ;
(e) in sub-section (1) of Section 60 the words ‘and page’ shall be omitted ;
(f) sub-section (1) of Section 16 shall be omitted ; and
(g) in sub-section (1). of Section 62,-

(i) for the word ‘transcribed’ the word ‘copied’ shall be substituted ; and
(ii) for the words and figures ‘copy referred to in Section ’19’ the words ‘photograph of the original’ shall be substituted.

70-F. The Inspector-General may, with the previous approval of the Provincial Government, by notification in the official Gazette, make rules for the purposes of giving effect to the provisions of this Part.

PART XII –
OF REFUSAL TO REGISTER

71. Reasons for refusal to register to be recorded: (1) Every Sub-registrar refusing to register a document except on the ground that the property to which it relates is not situated within his sub-district, shall make an order of refusal and record his reasons for such order in his Book No. 2 and endorse the words ‘registration refused’ on the document; and, on application may by any person executing or claiming under the document, shall, without payment and unnecessary delay, give him a copy of the reasons so recorded.

Court Decisions
Refusal to register sale-deed by the Sub-Registrar—Constitutional petition was challenged on the ground that the same was not maintainable as the petitioner had alternative remedies of suit and appeal under the relevant provisions of the Registration Act, 1908— Validity—Order impugned was passed by the Sub-Registrar without applying mind to the facts of the case, by giving no reason and without considering the report of his subordinate—Sub-Registrar was obliged under provisions of S.24-A of General Clauses Act, 1897, to redress the grievance of the citizen with reason—Order passed by the Sub-Registrar in violation of mandatory provisions of S.24-A of General Clauses Act, 1897, was not maintainable in the eye of law—Petitioner though had alternative remedies of suit and appeal, but it was not absolute rule that in presence of an alternative remedy, the Constitutional petition was not maintainable. Messrs Airport Support Service v. The Airport Manager, Quaid-e-Azam, International Air Port, Karachi and others 1998 SCMR 2268 ref. 2002 Lawvision 162 = 2002 CLC 127

Constitutional petition—Maintainability—Refusal to register sale-deed by the Sub-Registrar—Constitutional petition was challenged on the ground that the same was not maintainable as the petitioner had alternative remedies of suit and appeal under the relevant provisions of the Registration Act, 1908— Validity—Order impugned was passed by the Sub-Registrar without applying mind to the facts of the case, by giving no reason and without considering the report of his subordinate—Sub-Registrar was obliged under provisions of S.24-A of General Clauses Act, 1897, to redress the grievance of the citizen with reason—Order passed by the Sub-Registrar in violation of mandatory provisions of S.24-A of General Clauses Act, 1897, was not maintainable in the eye of law—Petitioner though had alternative remedies of suit and appeal, but it was not absolute rule that in presence of an alternative remedy, the Constitutional petition was not maintainable. Messrs Airport Support Service v. The Airport Manager, Quaid-e-Azam, International Air Port, Karachi and others 1998 SCMR 2268 ref. 2002 Lawvision 162 = 2002 CLC 127
Imposition of condition of stamp duty according to market value:- A careful survey of Registration Act as well as Stamp Act reveals that fixation of valuation of property is exclusively a matter between seller and purchaser and they are not bound to fix valuation of property according to market value–Registrar is bound to register instrument under Section 71 of Registration Act provided it has been properly stamped–Held: Instruction in letter mentioning market value of subject matter, is outside provisions of Section 71 of Act–Held further: However, respondent No. 2 having not factually refused to register document, petition is premature–Petition dismissed. PLJ 1994 Quetta 4

(2) No registering officer shall accept for registration a document so endorsed unless and until, under the provisions hereinafter contained, the document is directed to be registered.

72. Appeal to Registrar from orders of Sub-Registrar refusing registration on ground other than denial of execution : (1) Except where the refusal is made on the ground of denial of execution, an appeal shall lie against an order of a Sub-Registrar refusing to admit a document to registration (whether the registration of such document is compulsory or optional) to the Registrar to whom such Sub-Registrar is subordinate, if presented to such Registrar within thirty days from the date of the order : and the Registrar may reverse or alter such order.

Court Decisions
Constitutional petition was challenged on the ground that the same was not maintainable as the petitioner had alternative remedies of suit and appeal under the relevant provisions of the Registration Act, 1908—Order impugned was passed by the Sub-Registrar without applying mind to the facts of the case, by giving no reason and without considering the report of his subordinate—Sub-Registrar was obliged under provisions of S.24-A of General Clauses Act, 1897, to redress the grievance of the citizen with reason—Order passed by the Sub-Registrar in violation of mandatory provisions of S.24-A of General Clauses Act, 1897, was not maintainable in the eye of law—Petitioner though had alternative remedies of suit and appeal, but it was not absolute rule that in presence of an alternative remedy, the Constitutional petition was not maintainable. Messrs Airport Support Service v. The Airport Manager, Quaid-e-Azam, International Air Port, Karachi and others 1998 SCMR 2268 ref. 2002 Lawvision 162 = 2002 CLC 127

(2) If the order of the Registrar directs the document to be registered and the document is duly presented for registration within thirty days after the making of such order, the Sub-Registrar shall obey the same, and thereupon shall, so far as may be practicable, follow the procedure prescribed in Sections 58, 59 and 60 ; and such registration shall take effect as if the document had been registered when it was first duly presented for registration.

73. Application to Registrar where Sub-Registrar refuses to register on ground of denial of execution: (1) When a Sub-Registrar has refused to register a document on the ground that any person by whom it purports to be executed, or his representative or assign, denies its execution, any person claiming under such document, or his representative, assign or agent authorised as aforesaid, may, within thirty days after the making of the order of refusal, apply to the Registrar to whom such Sub-Registrar is subordinate in order to establish his right to have the document registered.

Court Decisions
Order impugned was passed by the Sub-Registrar without applying mind to the facts of the case, by giving no reason and without considering the report of his subordinate—Sub-Registrar was obliged under provisions of S.24-A of General Clauses Act, 1897, to redress the grievance of the citizen with reason—Order passed by the Sub-Registrar in violation of mandatory provisions of S.24-A of General Clauses Act, 1897, was not maintainable in the eye of law—Petitioner though had alternative remedies of suit and appeal, but it was not absolute rule that in presence of an alternative remedy, the Constitutional petition was not maintainable. Messrs Airport Support Service v. The Airport Manager, Quaid-e-Azam, International Air Port, Karachi and others 1998 SCMR 2268 ref. 2002 Lawvision 162 = 2002 CLC 127
No authoritative pronouncement of Supreme Court on interpretation of word “executed” occurring in clause (a) of entire clause (b) of section 73 of Registration Act, 1908 has been brought to notice of Court–Held: Leave to appeal is granted to consider whether two documents which do not bear signature of petitioner, can be held to have been “executed” within contemplation of clauses (2) and (b) of section 73 of Act. PLJ 1996 SC 418

(2) Such application shall be in writing and shall be accompanied by a copy of the reasons recorded under Section 71, and the statements in the application shall be verified by the applicant in manner required by law for the verification of plaints.

74. Procedure of Registrar on such application: In such case, and also where such denial as aforesaid is made before a Registrar in respect of a document presented for registration to him, the Registrar shall, as soon as conveniently may be, enquire-

(a) whether the document has been executed ;

(b) whether the requirements of the law for the time being in force have been complied with on the part of the applicant or person presenting the document for registration, as the case may be, so as to entitle the document to registration.

75. Order by Registrar or register and procedure thereupon: (1) If the Registrar finds that the document has been executed and that the said requirements have been complied with, he ‘hall order the document to be registered.

2) if the document is duly presented for registration within thirty days after the making of such order, the registering officer shall obey the same and thereupon shall, so far as may be practicable, follow the procedure prescribed in Sections 58, 59 and 60.

(3) Such registration shall take effect as if the document had been registered when it was first duly presented for registration.

(4) The Registrar may, for the purpose of any enquiry under Section 74, summon and enforce the attendance of witnesses, and compel them to give evidence, as if he were a Civil Court, and he may also direct by whom the whole or any part of the costs of any such enquiry shall be paid, and such costs shall be recoverable as if they had been awarded in a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.

76. Order of refusal by Registrar: (1) Every Registrar refusing –

(a) to register a document except on the ground that the property to which it relates is not situate within his district or that the document ought to be registered in the office of a Sub-Registrar ; or
(b) to direct the registration of a document under Section 72 or Section 75,-
shall make an order of refusal and record the reasons for such order in his Book No. 2 and, on application made by any person executing or claiming under the document, shall, without unnecessary delay, give him a copy of the reasons so recorded.

(2) No appeal lies from any order by a Registrar under this section of Section 72.

77. Suit in case of order of refusal by Registrar: Where the Registrar refuses to order the document to be registered, under Section 72 or Section 76, any person claiming under such document, or his representative, assign or agent, may, within thirty days after the making of the order of refusal, institute in the Civil Court, within the local limits of whose original jurisdiction is situate the office in which the document is sought to be registered, a suit for a decree directing the document to be registered in such office if it be duly presented for registration within thirty days after the passing of such decree.

(2) The provisions contained in sub-sections (2) and (3) of Section 75 shall, mutatis mutandis apply to all documents presented for registration in accordance with any such decree, and, notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, the document shall be receivable in evidence in such suit:
Provided that failure to file a suit or the dismissal of a suit filed under this section shall not disentitle a party to any other remedy to which he may be entitled, on the bass of the unregistered document.
Court Decisions
Order impugned was passed by the Sub-Registrar without applying mind to the facts of the case, by giving no reason and without considering the report of his subordinate—Sub-Registrar was obliged under provisions of S.24-A of General Clauses Act, 1897, to redress the grievance of the citizen with reason—Order passed by the Sub-Registrar in violation of mandatory provisions of S.24-A of General Clauses Act, 1897, was not maintainable in the eye of law—Petitioner though had alternative remedies of suit and appeal, but it was not absolute rule that in presence of an alternative remedy, the Constitutional petition was not maintainable. Messrs Airport Support Service v. The Airport Manager, Quaid-e-Azam, International Air Port, Karachi and others 1998 SCMR 2268 ref. 2002 Lawvision 162 = 2002 CLC 127

PART XIII — OF THE FEES FOR REGISTRATION, SEARCHES AND COPIES

78. Fees to be fixed by Provincial Government: The Provincial Government shall prepare a table of fees payable-

(a) for the registration of documents ;

(b) for searching the registers ;

(c) for making or granting copies of reasons, entries or documents, before, on or after registration ; and of extra or additional fees payable-

(d) for every registration under Section 30 ;

(e) for the issue of commission;

(f) for filing translations ;

(g) for attending at private residences ;

(h) for the safe custody and return of documents ; and

(i) for such other matters as appear to the Provincial Government necessary to effect the purpose of this Act.

79. Publication of fees: A table of the fees so payable shall be published in the official Gazette, and a copy thereof in English and the vernacular language of the district shall be exposed to public view in every registration office.

80. Fees payable on presentation : All fees for the registration of documents under this Act shall be payable on the presentation of such documents.

PART XIV
OF PENALTIES

81. Penalty for incorrectly endorsing, copying translating or registering documents with intent to injure : Every registering officer appointed under this Act and every person employed in his office for the purposes of this Act, who, being charged with the endorsing, copying, translating or registering of any document presented or deposited under its provisions endorses, copies, translates or registers such document in a manner which he knows or believes to be incorrect, intending thereby to cause knowing it to be likely that he may thereby cause, injury as defined in the Pakistan Penal Code, to any person, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years or with fine, or with both.

82. Penalty for making false statements, delivering false copies or translation, false personation and abetment: Whoever-

(a) intentionally makes any false statement, whether on oath or not, and whether it has been recorded or not, before any officer acting in execution of this Act, in any proceeding or enquiry under this Act; or

(b) intentionally delivers to a registering officer, in any proceeding under Section 19 or Section 21, a false copy or translation of a document, or a false copy of a map or plan ; or

(c) falsely personates another, and in such assumed character presents any document, or makes any admission or statement, or causes any summons or commission to be issued, of does any other act in any proceeding or enquiry under this Act ; or

(d) abets anything made punishable by this Act ;
shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years, or with fine, or with both.

83. Registering officer may commence prosecution : (1) A prosecution for any offence under this Act coming to the knowledge of a registering officer in his official capacity may be commenced by or with the permission of the Inspector-General, the Registrar or the Sub-Registrar, in whose territories, district or sub-district, as the case may be, the offence has been committed.

(2) Offences punishable under this Act shall be, triable by any Court or officer exercising powers not less then those of a Magistrate of the Second Class.

84. Registering officers to be deemed public servants : (1) Every registering officer appointed under this Act shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of the Pakistan Penal Code.

(2) Every person shall be legally bound to furnish information to such registering officer when required by him to do so.

(3) In Section 228 of the Pakistan Penal Code, the words ‘judicial proceeding’ shall be deemed to include any proceeding under this Act.

PART XV
MISCELLANEOUS

85. Destruction of unclaimed documents: Documents (other than wills) remaining unclaimed in any registration office for a period exceeding two years may be destroyed.

86. Registering officer not liable for thing ‘bona fide’ done or refused in his official capacity: No registering officer shall be liable to any suit, claim or demand by reason of anything in good faith done or refused in his official capacity.

87. Nothing so done invalidated by defect in appointment or procedure: (1) Nothing done in good faith pursuant to this Act or any Act hereby repealed, by any registering officer, shall be deemed invalid merely by reason of any defect in his appointment or procedure.

(2) Any defect in or the want of authority of a person to present a document shall not be itself, render invalid the registration of the document or the transaction effected by it.

88. Registration of documents executed by Government Officers or certain public functionaries : (1) Notwithstanding anything herein contained, it shall not be necessary for any officer of Government, or for any Official Trustee or Official Assignee or for the receiver on Registrar of a High Court, to appear in person or by agent at any registration office in any proceeding connected with the registration of any instrument executed by him in his official capacity, or to sign as provided in Section 58.

(2) Where any instrument so executed, the registering officer, to whom such instrument is presented for registration may, if. he thinks fit, refer to any Secretary to Government or to such officer of Government Administrator-General, official Trustee, official Assignee, Receiver of Registrar, as the case may be,- for information respecting the same, and, on being satisfied of the executions thereof, shall register the instrument.

89. Copies of certain orders, certificates and instruments to be sent to registering officers and filed: (1) Every officer granting a loan under the Land Improvement Loans Act, 1883, shall send a copy of his order to the registering officer within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the whole or any part of the land to be improved or of the land, to be granted as collateral security, is situate, and such registering officer shall file the copy in his Book No. 1.

(2) Every Court granting a certificate of sale of immovable property under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 shall send a copy of such certificate to the registering officer within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the whole or any part of the immovable property comprised in such certificate is situate and such officer shall file the copy in his Book No. 1.

(3) Every officer and every co-operative society granting any such loan as is referred to in clause (x) of sub-section (2) of Section 17, shall send a copy of any instrument whereby immovable property is mortgaged for the purpose of securing the repayment of the loan, and if any such ^property is mortgaged for the same purpose in the order granting the loan, a copy also of that order to the registering officer within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the whole or any part of the property so mortgaged is situate, and such registering officer shall file the copy or copies, as the case may be, in his Book No. 1.

(4) Every Revenue Officer granting a certificate of sale to the purchaser of immovable property sold by public auction shall send a copy of the certificate to the registering officer within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the whole or any part of the property comprised in the certificate is situate, and such officer shall file the copy in his Book No. 1.

Exemptions from Act

90. Exemption of certain documents executed by or in favour of Government: (1) Nothing contained in this Act or in the Registration Act, 1877, or in the Registration Act, 1871, or in any Act thereby repealed, shall be deemed to require or to have at any time required, the registration of any of the following documents or maps, namely: –

(a) documents issued, received or attested by any officer engaged in making a settlement or revision of settlement of land-revenue, and which form part of the records of such settlement ; or
(b) documents and map, issued, received or authenticated by any officer engaged on behalf of Government in making or revising the survey of any land, and which form part of the record of such survey ; or
(c) documents which, under any law for the time being in force, are filed periodically in any revenue office by patwaris or other officer charged with the preparation of village-records ; or
(d) sanads, inam, title-deeds and other documents purporting to be or to evidence grants of assignments by Government of land or of any interest in land ; or
(e) notices given under Section 74 or Section 78 of the Sindh Land Revenue Code, 1879 (Sindh Act, V of 1879)] of relinquishment of occupancy by occupants, or of alienated land by holders of such land.

(2) All such documents and maps shall, for the purposes of Sections 48 and 49, be deemed to have been and to be registered in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

91. Inspection and copies of such documents : Subject to such rules and the previous payment of such fees as the Provincial Government prescribed in this behalf, all documents and maps mentioned in Section 90, clauses (a), (b), (c) and (e) and all registers of the documents mentioned in clause (d), shall be open to the inspection of any person applying to inspect the same, and, subject as aforesaid, copies of such documents shall be given to all persons applying for such copies.

92. Burmese registration rules confirmed : [Repealed by the A. 0., 1937.]

93. Repeals : [Repealed by Act, I of 1938, Section 2 and Schedule.]

THE SCHEDULE

Repeal of Enactments: [Repealed by the Repealing Act, I of 1938, Sec. 2 and Schedule.]