THE
PARTITION ACT, 1893

Contents
1 Title, extent and saving
2 Power to court to order sale instead of division in partition suits
3 Procedure when sharer undertakes to buy
4 Partition suit by transferee of share in dwelling-house
5 Representation of parties under disability
6 Reserved bidding and bidding by shareholders
7 Procedure to be following in case of sales
8 Orders for sale to be deemed decrees
9 Saving of power to order partly partition and partly sale
10 Application of Act to pending suits

THE
PARTITION ACT, 1893

ACT. No. IV of 1893

9th March 1893

An Act to amend the Law relating to Partition

WHEREAS it is expedient to amend the law relating to partition :–

It is hereby enacted as follows:

1. Title, extent and saving.

(l) This Act may be called the Partition Act, 1893;

(2) It extends to the whole of Pakistan;

(3) Replead

(4) But nothing herein contained shall be deemed to affect any local law providing for the partition of immoveable property paying revenue to Government.

2. Power to court to order sale instead of division in partition suits:- Whenever in any suit for partition in which, if instituted prior to the commencement of this Act, a decree for partition might have been made, it appears to the Court that, by reason of the nature of the property to which the suit relates, or of the number of the shareholders therein or of any other special cir¬cumstance, a division of the property cannot reasonably or con¬veniently be made, and that a sale of the property, and distribution of the proceeds would be more beneficial for all the shareholders, the court may, if it thinks fit, on the request of any of such shareholders interested individually or collectively to the extent of one moiety or upwards, direct a sale of the property and a distribution of the proceeds.

Court Decisions
Partition of inherited land — Both parties filed objections against report of Local Commissioner, but Trial Court without deciding same proceeded to order auction of property – Course adopted by Trial Court was untenable in law – Court after considering objections, in light of evidence was expected to determine if property could be partitioned and if not whether same could be auctioned and also as to what were accounts – Court had to grant relief in matter of recovery, settlement and adjustment of rent and income of Joint property, but all those important aspects of the matter were not attended to by Trial Court which mechanically passed the final decree – Final decree, in circumstances, suffered from legal infirmity and could not sustain – Final Judgment and decree was set aside and case was remanded to be decided afresh. 2002 MLD 879

3. Procedure when sharer undertakes to buy:- (1) If, in any case in which the Court is requested under the last foregoing section to direct a sale, any other shareholder applies for leave to buy at a valuation the share or shares of the party or parties asking for a sale, the Court shall order a valuation of the share or shares in such manner as it may think fit and offer to sell the same to such shareholder at the price so ascertained, and may give all necessary and proper directions in that behalf.

(2) If two or more shareholders severally apply for leave to buy as provided in sub section (1), the Court shall order a sale of the share or shares to the shareholder who offers to pay the highest price above the valuation made by the Court.

(3) If no such shareholder is willing to buy such share or shares at the price so ascertained, the applicant or applicants shall be liable to pay all costs of or incident to the application or appli¬cations.

Court Decision
Suit for partition by co-sharer–Every co-sharer was entitled to claim himself to be holding possession of common property through other co-sharer in actual possession thereof-Court-fee of value of rupees 10 paid by plaintiffs/co­Sharers on their plaint filed for partition of common property, was rightly found sufficient by Trial Court. 1993 M L D 724

4. Partition suit by transferee of share in dwelling-house:- (1) Where a share of a dwelling house belonging to an un¬divided family has been transferred to a person who is not a member of such family and such transferee sues for partition, the Court shall, if any member of the family being a shareholder shall undertake to buy the share of such transferee, make a valuation of such share in such manner as it thinks fit and direct the sale of such share to such shareholder, and may give all necessary and proper directions in that behalf.

(2) If in any case described in sub section (1) two or more members of the family being such shareholders severally under¬take to buy such share, the Court shall follow the procedure pres¬cribed by sub section (2) of the last foregoing section.

Court Decision
Court Fees Act, 1870, S.7(iv) Value of court-fee-Every co-sharer was entitled to claim himself to be holding possession of common property through other co-sharer in actual possession thereof-Court-fee of value of rupees 10 paid by plaintiffs/co­Sharers on their plaint filed for partition of common property, was rightly found sufficient by Trial Court. 1993 M L D 724

5. Representation of parties under disability:- In any suit for partition a request for sale may be made or an undertaking, or application for leave, to buy may be given or made on behalf of any party under disability by any person authorised to act on behalf of such party in such suit, but the Court shall not be bound to comply with any such request, undertaking or application unless it is of opinion that the sale or purchase will be for the benefit of the party under such disability.

6. Reserved bidding and bidding by shareholders:- (1) Every sale under section 2 shall be subject to a reserved bidding, and the amount of such bidding shall be fixed by the Court in such manner as it may think fit and may be varied from time to time.

(2) On any such sale any of the shareholders shall be at liberty to bid at the sale on such terms as to non payment of deposit or as to setting off or accounting for the purchase money or any part thereof instead of paying the same as to the Court may seem reasonable.

(3) If two or more persons, of whom one is a shareholder in the property, respectively advance the same sum at any bidding at such sale, such bidding shall be deemed to be the bidding of the shareholder.

7. Procedure to be following in case of sales:- Save as hereinbefore provided, when any property is directed to be sold under this Act, the following procedure shall, as far as practicable, be adopted, namely:
(a) If the property be sold under a decree or order of the High Court of East Pakistan in the exercise of its original jurisdiction, the procedure of such Court in its original civil jurisdiction for the sale of property by the Registrar;

(b) if the property be sold under a decree or order of any other Court, such procedure as the High Court may from time to time by rules prescribe in this behalf, and until such rules are made, the procedure prescribed in the ‘Code of Civil Procedure in respect of sales in execution of decrees.

8. Orders for sale to be deemed decrees:- Any order for sale made by the Court under section 2, 3 or 4 shall be deemed to be a decree within the meaning of section 2 of the ‘Code of Civil Procedure.
Court Decision
Order of sale of property in partition suit, would be deemed to be a decree where against Regular First Appeal would be competent rather than F.A.O—Office was directed to convert petitioner’s F.A.O. into Regular First Appeal upon completion of necessary formalities and payment of requisite court fee and the same be placed before Division Bench. PLJ 2004 Lah. 32

9. Saving of power to order partly partition and partly sale:- In any suit for partition the Court may, if it shall think fit, make a decree for a partition of part of the property to which the suit relates and a sale of the remainder under this Act.

10. Application of Act to pending suits:- This Act shall apply to suits instituted before the com-mencement thereof, in which the Court has finally approved no scheme for the partition of the property.