President’s Order No. 5 of 2010
10th May, 2010
To provide for distribution of revenues and certain grants
No. F. 2 (2)/2010-Pub.—The following President’s Order Promulgated by the President is hereby published for general information:—
WHEREAS in pursuance of clause (1) of Article 160 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan hereinafter referred to as the Constitution, the President, by the Finance Division’s Notification No. S.R.O. 739(I)/2005 dated 21st July 2005, as modified by the said Division’s Notification No. S.R.O. 693(I)/2009, dated 24th July 2009, appointed a National Finance Commission to make recommendations, among other matters, as to the distribution between the Federation and the Provinces of the net proceeds of certain taxes;
AND WHEREAS the said Commission has also submitted its recommendations with regard to the said distribution;
NOW, THEREFORE, in pursuance of clauses (4) and (7) of Article 160 of the Constitution, the President is pleased to make the following Order:—
1. Short title and commencement.—(1) This Order may be called the Distribution of Revenues and Grants-in¬ Aid Order, 2010.
(2) It shall come into force on the first day of July, 2010.
2. Definitions.—In this Order, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,—
(a) “net proceeds” means, in relation to any tax, duty or levy, the proceeds thereof reduced by the cost of collection as ascertained and certified by the Auditor-General of Pakistan; and
(b) “taxes on income” includes corporation tax but does not include taxes on income consisting of remuneration paid out of the Federal Consolidated Fund.
3. Distribution of revenues.—(1) The divisible pool taxes in each year shall consist of the following taxes levied and collected by the Federal Government in that year, namely:—
(a) taxes on income;
(b) wealth tax;
(c) capital value tax;
(d) taxes on the sales and purchases of goods imported, exported, produced, manufactured or consumed;
(e) export duties on cotton;
(g) federal excise duties excluding the excise duty on gas charged at well-head; and
(h) any other tax which may be levied by the Federal Government.
(2) One percent of the net proceeds of divisible pool taxes shall be assigned to Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to meet the expenses on war on terror.
(3) After deducting the amount as prescribed in clause (2), of the balance amount of the net proceeds of divisible pool taxes, fifty-six percent shall be assigned to provinces during the financial year 2010¬11 and fifty-seven and half percent from the financial year 2011-12 onwards. The share of the Federal Government in the net proceeds of divisible pool shall be forty-four percent during the financial year 2010¬11 and forty-two and half percent from the financial year 2011-12 onwards.
4. Allocation of shares to the Provincial Governments.—(1) The Province-wise ratios given in clause (2) are based on multiple indicators. The indicators and their respective weights as agreed upon are:—
(a) Population 82.0%
(b) Poverty or backwardness 10.3%
(c) Revenue collection or generation 5.0%
(d) Inverse population density 2.7%
(2) The sum assigned to the Provincial Governments under Article 3 shall be distributed amongst the Provinces on the basis of the percentage specified against each:—
(a) Balochistan 9.09%
(b) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 14.62%
(c) Punjab 51.74%
(d) Sindh 24.55%
(3) The Federal Government shall guarantee that Balochistan province shall receive the projected sum of eighty-three billion rupees from the provincial share in the net proceeds of divisible pool taxes in the first year of the Award. Any shortfall in this amount-shall be made up by the Federal Government from its own resources. This arrangement for Balochistan shall remain protected throughout the remaining four years of the Award based on annual budgetary projections.
5. Payment of net proceeds of royalty on crude oil.—Each of the provinces shall be paid in each financial year as a share in the net proceeds of the total royalties on crude oil an amount which bears to the total net proceeds the same proportion as the production of crude oil in the Province in that year bears to the total production of crude oil.
6. Payment of net proceeds of development surcharge on natural gas to the Provinces.—(1) Each of the Provinces shall be paid in each financial year as a share in the net proceeds to be worked out based on average rate per MMBTU of the respective province. The average rate per MMBTU shall be derived by notionally clubbing both the royalty on natural gas and development surcharge on Gas. Royalty on natural gas shall be distributed in accordance with clause (1) of Article 161 of the Constitution whereas the development surcharge on natural gas would be distributed by making adjustments based on this average rate.
(2) The development surcharge on natural gas for Balochistan with effect from 1st July, 2002, shall be re-worked out hypothetically on the basis of the formula
given in clause (1) and the amount, subject to maximum of ten billion rupees, shall be paid in five years in five equal instalments by the Federal Government as grants to be charged on the Federal Consolidated Fund.
7. Grants-in-Aid to the Provinces.—There shall be charged upon the Federal Consolidated Fund each year, as grants-in-aid of the revenues of the province of Sindh an amount equivalent to 0.66% of the provincial share in the net proceeds of divisible pool as a compensation for the losses on account of abolition of octroi and zilla tax.
8. Sales tax on services.—NFC recognizes that sales tax on services is a Provincial subject under the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and may be collected by respective Provinces, if they so desired.
9. Miscellaneous.—(1) NFC also recommended increase in the rate of excise duty on natural gas to Rs.10.0 per MMBTU. Federal Government may initiate necessary legislation accordingly.
(2) The NFC recommended that the Federal Government and Provincial Governments should streamline their tax collection systems to reduce leakages and increase their revenues through efforts to improve taxation in order to achieve a 15% tax to GDP ratio by the terminal year i.e. 2014-15. Provinces would initiate steps to effectively tax the agriculture and real estate sectors. Federal Government and Provincial Government may take necessary administrative and legislative steps accordingly.
(3) Federal Government and Provincial Governments would develop and enforce mechanism for maintaining fiscal discipline at the Federal and Provincial levels through legislative and administrative measures.
(4) The Federal Government may assist the Provinces through specific grants in times of unforeseen calamities.
(5) The meetings of the NFC may be convened regularly on a quarterly basis to monitor implementation of the award in letter and spirit.
10. Repeal.—The Distribution of Revenues and Grants-in¬Aid Order, 1997 (P. O. No.1 of 1997), and the Distribution of Revenues and Grants-in-Aid, Order, 2010 (P. O. 4 of 2010) are hereby repealed,
ASIF ALI ZARDARI,
SYED SULTAN AHMED,
Senior Joint Secretary.