The primary law here, namely, West Pakistan Employees Social Security Ordinance 1965, Ordinance No. 10 of 1965 extends to whole of Pakistan except tribal areas. This has been amended by West Pakistan Employees Social Security (Amendment) Act 1973. Contingencies covered by social security benefits are sickness benefits, maternity benefits, death grant, medical care during sickness and maternity, injury benefits, medical care in case of employment injury. All employees employed in or in connection with affairs of industry or establishment whose wages are up to Rs. 5,000 per mensem are covered irrespective of their designation, status or nature of work.

All above benefits are available in case of any injury or accident or occupational disease arising out of and in course of employment. Subsection 3 of § 1 provides that it shall come into force at once but shall apply only to such areas, classes of persons, industries or establishments, from such date or dates and with regard to provisions of such benefits as Government may by notification specify in this behalf. Government has from time to time notified areas, classes of persons, industries and establishments etc. Ordinance deals with benefits in respect of sickness, maternity, death grant, medical care during sickness and maternity injury benefits, disablement pensions, disablement gratuity etc. This Ordinance has repealed Employee’s Social Security Ordinance, 1962.